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Handicappers

How the Sports Betting Line is Made by RJ Bell

Experts working for the individual books having a strong opinion on the game . We do this by drawing from past experiences and applying them to current situations. Obviously, if the line comes out a week ahead of the event (which is the case in football), there is much that could happen during the week leading up to the event that could affect the line.

Oddsmakers at LVSC are professional sports junkies who love what they do and would probably do it for nothing if you asked them, but they do get paid for it. Examples of non-game factors that would require an adjustment to a team’s power rating are key player injuries and player trades. Reasons for such adjustments include:

Power ratings are the oddsmaker’s value of each team and are used as a guide to calculate a “preliminary” pointspread on an upcoming game. That is not the case at all – their intent is NOT to evenly split the ATS result between the teams; rather, their goal is to attract equal betting action on both sides. Oddsmakers have to determine if any changes are necessary and send out an “adjusted line.”

For example, if the pointspread on a game is 7 and most of the money is coming in on the underdog (taking the +7), sportsbooks will then move the number down to 6 ½ to try and attract money on the favorite.

“The #1 thing for us is to make a line for each game that creates good two-way action. People think it’s much more complicated, but it’s not.”

Since the oddsmaker’s ultimate goal is equally dividing the betting action, public perception and betting patterns must be taken into account.

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

Las Vegas Sports Consultants (LVSC) is the world’s premier oddsmaking company and the most respected authority on making the lines. “We’re not trying to pick the team that covers the spread, we’re trying to make it a coin flip, a tough decision (for the bettor). If an oddsmaker comes up with a preliminary line of USC -7, then an adjustment up to -7.5 or -8 would be made in response to the public’s expected USC bias. There is a common misconception that point spreads represent the oddsmakers’ prediction of how many points the favorite will win by.

Divided action means the sportsbook is guaranteed a profit on the game because of the fee charged to the bettor (called juice or vig – typically $11 bet to win $10). Mike Seba is a Senior Oddsmaker at LVSC and has been making lines for the last six years. This usually includes having up-to-date power ratings on each team. Each of these oddsmakers bring unique opinions, strengths and weaknesses to the process. Of course there is an entire method to the madness on how the opening line is created.

“You either have a passion for it or you don’t,” Seba said. The power ratings are adjusted after each game a team plays. By necessity their approach is very research-oriented and concise, since with millions of dollars at risk there is little margin for error. If we’ve done that, we’ve done our job.”

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How the Opening Line Is Made

Once the opening line is released by LVSC, the individual sportsbooks decide if they want to make any adjustments before offering it to the public. In doing so they attempt to make more attractive the team that is getting less action.

Individual books having players who consistently bet with certain tendencies (such as an extreme bias toward favorites or toward a certain popular team like USC)

Moving the line is the oddsmaker’s effort to balance betting action, and often times such moves can have a major impact on a bettor’s decision.

What Is the Line Trying to Accomplish?

The opening line is the first line created by the oddsmakers, which is then sent out to sportsbooks.

Once a game’s power rating based pointspread is determined, the oddsmaker will make adjustments to that line after considering each team’s most recent games played and previous games played against that opponent. For example, the public might have heavy betting interest week after week on a popular college football team such as USC.

The purpose of these adjustments, like all line adjustments, is to more equally divide the betting action. Also, adjustments are made after reading each team’s local newspapers to get a sense of what the coaches & players are thinking going into the game.

Once betting begins, sportsbooks can adjust the line at any time.

Why the Line Changes

“The main objective is that our clients get equal action on both sides,” Seba said. In our extended interview, Seba explained that there are 4-5 oddsmakers assigned to make lines for each of the major sports (pro & college football and basketball; MLB, NHL, boxing, golf).

A round-table discussion among the 4-5 oddsmakers involved in making the line for each sport is then conducted and a consensus line is decided upon by the Odds Director before it is released to the sportsbooks. Stated another way, they want to create a line that half the people find appealing to bet one way while the other half find it appealing to bet the other way (known as ‘dividing the action’).

The last step in the line-making process for each oddsmaker is taking one final look to determine whether or not the line “feels right.” This is where common sense and past experience with how games are bet enters into the picture. Of the 4-5 oddsmakers, generally the 2 most respected opinions are weighed more heavily by the Odds Director before he decides on the final line. Seba explained that it all starts with each oddsmaker creating a line on each game based upon their own personal approach.

Oddsmakers can also change the line depending on various event-related factors such as player injuries or weather. By moving the line, sportsbooks can influence how the public bets on a particular game

Handicappers’ Blog | At The Races

In beating a field of such depth and quality I have taken the view that he has. With Europe’s top older milers struggling to break the 120 barrier, Mutakayyef’s emergence is welcomed.

A speed figure of 103 does not quite substantiate the level to the extent the speed figure did in the July Stakes; but that is probably down to the time it took for the pace to get going. She still emerges with plenty of credit though and, given her effectiveness with give in the ground, it was no surprise to hear she will be targeted at some of the big sprint prizes in the autumn.

Limato all class in July Cup romp. Two high quality fillies lit up the mile division at Newmarket’s July meeting last week writes Dominic Gardiner-Hill. From a ratings perspective, things slotted in neatly with runner-up Cymric appearing to reproduce his 109 gained when fourth in the St James’s Palace at Royal Ascot on his previous start.

It is obviously still early days for these fillies. Ardad clearly was not himself having failed to settle at the longer trip; but several others from the Windsor Castle have also let that form down and I have reined it back 2lb to 104.

In the first major race of the week, the Arqana July Stakes, Mehmas put his reputation as the leading British-trained juvenile on the line and it emerged intact following a half-length defeat of the staying-on Intelligence Cross. He was doing his best work late when fourth in the Chesham and here reversed the placings with Cunco; and that without getting a clear run here.

Not to be outdone, the boys hit back with a fine performance from Mutakayyef in the Fred Cowley MBE Summer Mile at Ascot on Saturday. He stepped up again to post a career best effort of 115. A winning performance of 103 ranks above only those of Arabian Queen (2014) and Please Sing (2008) since 1991. This was one of those cases where a couple of debut winners leap-frogged some more established types.

Completing the frame in fourth was Profitable, much improved at 5f this year and winner of the Group 1 King’s Stand last time out when he ran to 117. With two wins from two runs since being gelded, this was the best performance of the 5yo’s career and I have raised his mark from 112 to 118.

Both historical standards and a direct line through the Chesham form lead to a new assessment of 113 for Boynton. Again the race looks relatively simple to rate as Always Smile (third) looks to have reproduced her current mark of 110 and that fits pretty well with Irish Rookie (fourth: pre-race 106) improving a pound to 107 and Ashadihan (fifth: 106) running a pound off her Coronation form.

The Duchess of Cambridge proved a similar story as Aidan O’Brien’s Roly Poly raised her game to see off Magical Fire by half a length.

Mehmas might have passed his latest test but he lost his status as the leading British juvenile following the 7f bet365 Superlative Stakes later in the week. The first five home in the Albany were covered by little more than two lengths.

Newmarket’s July Festival provided the second concentration of major tests for the two-year-old form following on from Royal Ascot, writes Graeme Smith.

Thankfully that made no difference to the result apart from the fact a case could be made he would have won by further than two lengths but for his wanderings.

Quite where Limato goes next depends largely on him getting the fast ground he favours. The level of competition promises to get tougher with a handful of potentially smart maiden winners from the last week including Dabyah and Easy Victory. Rated 113 when a narrow fifth in the Group 1 Diamond Jubilee where, arguably, he was on the wrong side of a pace bias that day he franked that view in improving further still.

Limato went in to the race as the highest rated in the field on 119 based largely on his impressive success in the 7f Group 2 Park Stakes at Doncaster last year. Currently rated 115, she posted a figure of 112 on the day.

The former proved herself a top-class 2yo last year with victory in the Cheveley Park and her rating of 116 saw her topped only by Minding (120) in the 2yo filly pecking order. A poor run in the 1000 Guineas led to various comments about whether she had been overrated, had not trained on or perhaps did not get the mile. This suggests that Alice Springs might have scored by around half to three quarters of a length with more luck.

Her six lengths demolition of the field in Thursday’s Listed Plusvital Henry Cecil Stakes answered all those questions in no uncertain terms.

Also, Frankel’s daughter Fair Eva has had her impressive Haydock success franked several times over as she waits for her next assignment.

Travelling well within himself off what was a decent pace from the word go, it always looked a case of when, not if, he would stamp his authority on the race.

At Ascot Qemah beat her over 4 lengths, at Newmarket Alice Springs beat her by 4.75 lengths. Having contested the Lockinge over 8f on his reappearance, Limato was dropping back to 6f for the first time since he chased home last year’s top European sprinter, Muhaarar, in the inaugural Commonwealth Cup at Royal Ascot.

If that was the appetiser, then Alice Springs provided the main course with success in the Group 1 Falmouth Stakes on Friday. The placed horses here, Intelligence Cross and Broken Stones, both seem at an earlier stage in their development than the winner so there is still hope for them to progress further. Quickening to the front over a furlong out, Limato soon went clear in tremendous style though he gave his supporters a moment of worry when hanging right across the track. Whilst he showed himself effective at this trip, his best form clearly remains at the minimum and I have him running to 112 here.  It was no surprise to hear that the 5f Nunthorpe at York was next on his agenda.

Mehmas saw off a new wave of competition from the Coventry with Silver Line stepping up in trip from the Norfolk, Ardad doing the same having won the Windsor Castle and a host of promising maiden winners. Limato aside, she arguably travelled as well as anything but could not match the winner’s decisive burst. With luck they may meet at some point during the remainder of the season.  I am, of course, referring to Lumiere and Alice Springs. This suggests that Lumiere reproduced her 116 figure and a step back into Group company is eagerly awaited.

Chasing him home in second was the five-year-old gelding Suedois, who has shown gradual improvement this year since joining David O’Meara.

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Alice Springs and Lumiere impress at Newmarket July meeting

This year’s 6f Group 1 Darley July Cup at Newmarket, the largest field since Sakhee’s Secret win in 2007, also featured eighteen runners writes Stewart Copeland.

She was also encountering the quickest surface she has faced to date.

This implies that Dutch Connection (second: pre-race 115) and Custom Cut (fourth: 114) were a couple of pounds shy of their best with performances of 113 and 112. The 99-rated Mr Scaramanga remains with potential too. Not only does my race rating of 115 better my figure for Coronation winner Qemah (114), but a straight form line using Ashadihan also gives Aidan O’Brien’s filly the edge. As well as quantity there was also plenty of quality with no less than six of the challengers already successful at the top level.

The general view at Royal Ascot was that Alice Springs was an unlucky loser of the Coronation and this result adds credence to that view.

A head behind in third was the progressive 3yo filly Quiet Reflection, winner of this year’s Commonwealth Cup at Royal Ascot.

Whilst the US-trained Lady Aurelia had blown the Queen Mary field apart at Royal Ascot I am still waiting for a European filly to announce herself as top-class. War Decree gets 110 via my workings but his figure at this stage is in the hands of my Irish counterpart.

In other footnotes, Silver Line became the latest to endorse the Norfolk form and that winner, Prince of Lir, has now been raised to an assessment of 108. Allocating him that rating puts him on a par with Lethal Force in 2013, and you have to go back to Oasis Dream in 2003 to find a higher rated performance in the race.

How good were the Newmarket two year olds?

The race had a wide-open look beforehand but, on course, there was sustained support for the Henry Candy trained four-year-old gelding Limato.

Having already shown a level of form good enough to win an average July Cup, it was a case of deciding whether Limato improved further still to win how he did.

With both the clock and race standards pointing to a repeat of Mehmas’s 110 performance from Royal Ascot I took the view a reproduction of that form was good enough, nor did he seem to have much in reserve. That confidence in the market, which eventually sent him off favourite, was not misplaced.

Both the historical and pre-race form standards line up on a rating of 121 and the impressive nature of his success fully merits crediting him with that level of performance.

Boynton and War Decree drew upwards of five lengths clear of a pair who had finished in the frame in the Chesham.

This is based on third placed Gabrial returning to the sort off form he showed when third in both the Sussex Stakes and the QE II last year and Kodi Bear (sixth) running the same race as he did in the Queen Anne.

Kentuckyconnection (fourth: pre-race 108), Atlantic Sun (fifth: 102) and Mohab (sixth: 98) each ran to, or within a pound of, their current marks. However, his versatility over 6f/7f – connections are still confident he’ll get a mile given the right circumstances – gives him plenty of options and wherever he turns up he is an exciting horse to look forward to.

Boynton and War Decree are both hugely imposing colts and have already come a long way in just two starts apiece.

Incidentally, Caravaggio’s effort in beating Mehmas at Ascot remains the current benchmark for European juvenile colts

Golf Terminology – Glossary of Golf Terms

If you do not include this in golf terms, then the whole glossary of golf terms is useless.

Wolfman: This is a betting game, akin to a few others like Hog, Defender and so on. A machine leads to removal of plugs from the green,which leaves a hole which ensures that the roots get air and moisture.

Preferred Lies: Here on certain parts of a golf course, golfers are permitted to get their lies in a better position sans penalty. That one player has the onus to come through for the team, so he or she is called the lone ranger.

Shank: Mis-hit, which is so bad that the golfer makes the contact of the ball with any other part of a golf club other than the clubface.

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Bail Out: Bail out is playing your ball away from a potential hazard to a safe area

Niblick: This is again an archaic golf terminology, denoting a 9-iron. He also responds to a golfer’s queries.

Front Nine: The first nine holes of a golf course are the front nine holes of the golf course. Here, two-member teams hit the same ball alternately.

Honest John: This in golf terms refers to a side bet which puts at stake your prediction powers. The word tract is sometimes used to denote track, but track is the correct word.

Lie: Lie refers, firstly to the stationary condition of a golf ball. What’s more, this golfing term was popularized by none other Ben Hogan.

Flagstick: This is a stick having a flag and is used to mark the location of a hole.

Leading Edge: When you look at the golf club, the edge at the immediate front, which leads in a swing is called a leading edge.

Pick Up Sticks: Bag Raid, which is another name for pick up sticks is a game contested by two players. Here an individual golfer or a team can compare scores on their scorecard, while choosing the lower of two scores, leading to 9-hole total score.

Shaft: That part of the club which goes all the way uptill the top of a golf club, into the grip till the clubhead is called a shaft.

Medalist: To put it in least complex words, it means the winner of a medal play or stroke play in any golf tournament.

Alternate Tees: A golf hole is said to have alternate tees when there are two different sets of tee boxes built on that same hole.

Divot: It refers to the scraping off the turf top as a result of shots from the fairway using an iron. A golfer winning the hole is referred to as having won the skin and the value of that skin.

Collection Area: This is a depression on the side of the green and its position, often merged with the contours of the green leads to the collection of many approach shots.

Scramble: Primarily a very popular golf tournament format, scramble is played with either 4-person teams or 2-person teams. Even if there is no water, let’s say in a seasonal creek and the ball is dry, it is considered to be a water hazard.

Pin: This is a synonym for flagstick. Flange is the thin strip of metal sitting along the ground.

Snowman: A score of 8 on any given individual cup is called snowman in slang because the figure of the digit is similar to the structure of a snowman.

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Nassau: Nassau is a very well-known and most popular name for Best Nines.

Nasties: A side bet for any group of golfers, nasties are won by default by a golfer who holes a shot from off the green. Well, that’s the magic of the game-The Game of Golf.

There are innumerable terms and phrases included in golf jargon, which everyone from Tiger Woods to Phil Mickelson to Jyoti Randhawa to any amateur golfer needs to know.

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Mashie Niblick: It is a vintage or archaic term for a 7-iron- a type of golf club.

Flange: This refers to a part of a clubhead jutting out from the rear. At each hole, a golfer is competing with the other two.

Closed Club Face: When the clubface is rotated slightly counterclockwise in the swing path, which can cause the ball to hook, it is called clubface.

Provisional Ball: In the circumstances where a golfer believes his or her first ball may be lost or out-of-bounds, the golfer can play another ball, which is the provisional ball.

Appearances: The side teeing off first on each hole is considered to be an honor and there is a golf side bet according to these criteria. Amongst the common golf terms, ace is real music for the ears for a golfer.

Grass Club: It is the ‘by-gone era’ counterpart of the driver.

Torque: The resistance of a shaft towards twisting when a golf club is being swung is the torque.

Backspin: When the ball rotates backward (towards the player)in flight along its horizontal axis, it is called the backspin.

Skymarks: Scratches developed on the finish of the crown of a driver as a result of hitting skyballs are called skymarks.

Canadian Foursomes: A variation of the original Foursomes, Canadian foursomes is played amongst 2-player teams where players from a single team tee off and the best of the 2 are selected.

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Fade: It is the trajectory of the ball or its flight, on the spot where the golf ball comes off from the face of the club. But in quota, the players begin with points matching their handicap.

Cross Bunker: This is a kind of a bunker which is positioned in such a way that it runs crossing the line of the play in the fairway.

Shotgun Start: This is one of the methods to start off a tournament where all the players tee off at the same time. It then moves to the left of the target before gently turning or rather curving back towards right. A golfer is allowed to use putter along with the three chosen golf clubs, but no golf clubs.

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Line of Play: The direction a golfer wants his ball to travel and a distance good enough on both sides of that desired direction is called the line of play.

Strike Three: This is a betting game or a tournament format. Golfers in this format are awarded points depending on their performance on each hole with the winner being the one having highest point total. This is also called the skulled shot.

Jack and Jill: This a type of golf tournament where one woman and one man are paired together to form a two person team.

Jail: It is the position of the ball where it cannot be struck or advanced. The golfer’s job is done post this situation.

Uphill Lie: There are times when a ball stops moving on an uphill slope which is towards the target. The winner is decided after this final score.

Chip-in: A chip shot that ends up dropping in the hole is called a chip in.

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Flags: In flags, which is a competition format, golfers start their round with a certain number of strokes and then until they consume their strokes, they keep on playing.

Alternate Shot: This is basically a golf competition format, also called the Foursomes. Losses and wins add up very fast in this game so those whose pockets are full, prefer this betting game .

Alternate Greens: Just like alternate fairway, when a golf hole has two separate greens, it is termed as alternate greens.

Mashie Iron: Mashie Iron is an archaic phrase or golf word for a 4-iron.

Elevated Green: It denotes a green, which is elevated and therefore, it is higher than the area around it.

Par 3 Course: A course which just has par 3 holes and nothing else is a Par 3 course.

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INDEX

Undulation: The ups and downs and uneven contour in the ground, mainly with regards to putting green and fairways is called undulation.

Pink Lady: Pink Lady is also known as Money Ball, Lone Ranger, Pink Ball or Yellow Ball. But this condition exists under local rule only.

Backweight: Any weight attached to the back of the head of golf club is referred to a back weight.

Whack and Hack: Whack and Hack is a four-person teams’ tournament format. Each golfer is allowed to use only a single golf club.

Golf Club without Real Estate: It refers to a golf club sans a home golf course, having a collection of golfers and friends playing together regularly.

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One-Putt: Top hole the ball, when just a single or one putt is taken, it is called one putt.

String It Out: A tournament format or a betting game, string is best suited when the players have partial handicaps. Here the players have tee off and the best out of them is selected. The aim is to gain highest number of points in a round, but there is a catch. When used with regards to a PGA tour, sand save percentage, a statistical category implies to a player getting up and down out of a green side bunker.

Loop: A circuit around the golf course, that is 18 holes, means a loop.

Punch or Punch Shot: A golf shot, that is fashioned to fly lower than normal.

Snap Hook: This is another name for quacker.

Push: Push is the opposite of pull. ‘Away’ player plays first.

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Gimmie: A kind of putt, where a player a requests that it be conceded by another player, which then allows the one requesting for that to pick up and move on, as if the putt has been holed.

Flatstick: It is a slang for putter as putter faces are supposed to be flat compared to other golf clubs.

Tee Time: The scheduled, decided time for a particular group or team to begin their round is referred to Tee Time.

Attack Wedge: Attack Wedge is the same as gap wedge or approach wedge. It also means the score registered by a golfer for those 18 holes.

Four-Man Cha-Cha-Cha: Four Man cha-cha-cha is a golf tournament format where every member of a team plays his or her golf ball all the way.

Rub of the Green: In case a ball is stopped or deflected incidentally an outside factor like a caddie or the likes, it is termed as the rub of the green. You had a great swing and you are elated. The other meaning refers to the edge or rim of the hole or cup.

Fat (or Fat Shot): A shot where the golfer’s club strikes the ground first and then makes contact with the ball is called Fat or Fat Shot.

Three-Putt Poker: It is a betting game, combining an aspect of poker with the performance of a golfer on the greens.

Four Ball: This is played amongst two teams of two members, hence there are four balls played and better ball scoring is used to determine the players.

Downswing: It is a part of the golf swing occurring between the end of the back swing and the point of connection with the golf ball.

Swingweight: This refers to the feel of the weight of a club when it is being swung.

The Tips: This is a slang term for championship tees or back tees on a particular golf course. In slang, it is called ‘club’.

Whiff: Any golfer would be embarrassed with a whiff, which means that the golfer swung but to no avail. Hooding the club has two different meaning for different golfers. Foot wedge, is specifically speaking a condition when a golfer kicks his ball or probably nudges the ball in a slightly convenient position for the next shot.

Utility Wood: This is a kind of fairway wood, having varied lofts sole or head shape and has some characteristics similar or related to irons.

Blades: These are types of Irons with a full smooth back along with a thin top line.

Gruesomes: This is more common as a betting game, but also serves as team formats sometimes where there are 2-member teams.

Over Par: It denotes any score, be it for a completed round or for an individual hole, which is above the decided par for that round.

Pull Hook: This is a ball flight in which the ball initially moves left of the target and curves and bends even sharply.

X: When a score cannot be determined, because a play on the hole was not finished, it is called X.

X-Factor: The variation in the amount of the rotation between hips and shoulders is called the X-factor. This can be a tournament format or a betting game.

Spoon: This is an antique term for lofted wood or 3-wood golf club.

Forced Carry: A situation which needs a golfer to hit his shot above a hazard to advance his ball is a forced carry.

Golf Swing or Swing: Swing is to go through the stroke or a considerable jump in a score.

Gorse: British links courses are often lined with this thick rough, often prickly and similar to shrubbery called Gorse.

Clubhead: A part of the golf club which is attached to the end of the shaft is called the club head.

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Wolf: Wolf is a name for a betting game best played among groups of four players. Named after great Harry Vardon, this is one of the most well-known golf grips. It is primarily a wooden-shafted historical golf club.

Backswing: The beginning of the swing as the club moves away from the target.

Three Club Monte: In a golf tournament where a golfer is allowed to use only three clubs during their round is Three Club Monte. This is called a lunch ball. For instance, if a golfer scores one double bogey after playing well, he or she loses all the points and has to start all over again.

Uneven Lie: When the ball is on an uneven slope and it is either above the feet or below it, it is called an uneven lie.

Overseeding: When the grass is laid on top of grasses already there, for encouraging new growth or for replacing the existing grass for a new season with a different strain, it is called overseeding.

Topped Shot or Top: Such a shot where the golfer almost swings over the ball and the point of contact between the ball and the club is near the crown of the golf ball.

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Barkie: This is a side bet won by a golfer making par on a hole where he has hit a tree.

Baffie: It is the name of a wooden shafted pre-20th century golf club.

Bogey Golfer: A golfer averaging around 90 or a boogie per hole is termed as boogie golfer.

Blast: A kind of shot which results in lot of sand flying, along with the ball out of the bunker of a sand trap is called a blast. For cricketers, this is something close to the phrase ‘middle of the bat’.

Chip or Chip Shot: Chip shot is played very close to the green and is normally within a few yards of the putting area. A great ball striker is a golfer who is excellent at full swing.

Shamble: A golf tournament which brings together aspects of scramble tournament format and strokeplay is called shamble.

Callaway System: A kind of golf format, Callaway system is used in events where in maximum golfers do not have real handicap indexes. It is vice versa for a left hander.

Rabbit: It is again, a side bet,named after the situation where someone runs ahead in a mile off the field, setting the pace. For example, if there are 18 groups of 4 in a tournament, each hole on the golf course will be the starting hole for all the different groups.

Overall Weight: This, also called dead weight, refers to the total weight of the golf club.

LPGA: Established in 1950, Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) is an organization which promotes women in professional golf.

I

Even/Even Par: A score which matches par for a round or a hole is called even.

Adjusted Gross Score: It is basically a golfer’s stroke round up, or total, with regards to a single round, after being counted for the optimum per-hole scores, as permitted by the United States Golf Association’s Equitable Stroke Control Guidelines.

Green: Green is the completion of a golf hole, at the spot of the location of the flagstick and the cup. All scores on each of those three holes are tabulated and then that score is eliminated from the total score. Hacker is a bit stronger player than a duffer.

Halve or Halved: To indicate that a hole or match is tied, the term halved is used.

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Toe: The end of the clubhead which is the farthest from the shaft or the hosel or the neck is called the toe.

Hand Wedge: When a golfer breaks the rules by picking up the ball and moves it to a better spot for an easier next stroke, it is called a hand wedge. It also involves pushing a putt to a direction or jerking the putt to a side.

Teeing Ground: The spot from where the golfers start playing for a hole, from where a golfer hits his tee shot or drive.

Double Cut (or Double Cut Green) Double cut refers to mowing of the green which has been done twice.

Q School: It is the Professional Golfers Association (PGA) Tour’s yearly qualifying tournament.

Underclub: When such a club is used which is incapable of providing adequate distance for reaching the target, it is called underclub.

Florida Scramble: It is a variation of the original golf format scramble, where a player from each team sits out each shot.

Hosel:The particular part of a club head wherein a shaft is fixed and secured is called a hosel.

Shank: Mis-hit, which is so bad that the golfer makes the contact of the ball with any other part of a golf club other than the clubface.

Nearest Point of Relief: In the condition where there is an hurdle as a result of an immovable obstruction or abnormal ground conditions, the golfers are permitted to drop without penalty a distance equivalent to a club length of the nearest point of relief.

Flight: It is a term which is used for division of golfer’s during a golf tournament. It is also a side bet where there is a competition involving groups of four, like in Foursomes or in a fourball.

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Long Iron: These are long-shafted, steep-faced normally numbering from 1 to 4 long distance irons.

Invitational: Here, the golfers who are going to compete, be there on an invitation issued to them or they are automatically qualified for an invitation.

Lay Up: When a golfer opts to go for a shorter hit, to avoid a hazard or position the ball in a specific spot in spite of having the skill and capacity to hit full swing, it is a lay up.

Threesomes: This might seem unfair, but this is a golf match where one golfer is pitted against a team of two and each side plays a single ball.

Golf Cart: This is a gas or electrically powered vehicle used to transport golfers and their golf bags on the golf course. This is also a betting game for groups of four.

Gross (Gross Score): It is the total number of strokes played in around of golf including penalty strokes.

Step Aside Scramble: Florida scramble is also known as step aside. Interestingly, these are sold at a rate with a huge discount than the regular price of that brand.

These terms will help the beginners to know more on golf and will be a kind of beginners guide to golf.

Grass Bunker: This is a depression on the golf course which is filled up with grass instead of sand. It starts moving in the left of the target, eventually bending very sharply back to the right of the particular target. In the rule book it is flagstick, but with amateurs, flagstick is better known as pin.

Shoot Out: It is a tournament format which fields 19 players who are eliminated one by one at each hole, till there is one remaining.

Play Club: The vintage counterpart of the modern-day driver is the play club. Here, the golfer will putt out, culminating the end of the hole.

Sod: It means the grass on the turf and the soil it is rooted in which can be planted as a separate piece on the golf course. Another meaning of Sandie means in a couple of strokes, a player gets out of the bunker in the hole. Another meaning of divot is the chipped off area in the fairway, where the turf existed.

No Alibis: This refers to a game of mulligans, which can be used from any spot or point on the golf course.

Bowmaker: A golf tournament format, popular in the United Kingdom, bowmaker involves team members playing their own balls and a specific number of the members of the team score count on every hole.

Pinehurst (Pinehurst System): This is the same as chapman system which is a 2-person golf tournament format. The female scratch golfer can hit her tee shots an average of 210 yards and can reach a 400-yard hole in two shots”.

Course: Of course, it is the golf course, but according to the technical definition, it also means the whole area where play is permitted. According to the USGA, a scratch golfer is defined as – “An amateur player who plays to the standard of the stroke play qualifiers competing in the United States Amateur Championship. Las Vegas is a betting game played amongst two teams having two members each. In this format, the tombstone term signifies the object placed in the ground on the spot where the golfer’s round comes to an end.

Pop: A handicap stroke is called Pop sometimes.

Big Dog: This is a slang for a ‘driver’.

Cart Fee: Cart fee is the amount of fee paid by golfers to use the golf cart, charged by the golf course.

All Square: All square refers to a tied match as a result of the tied scores between the players. This golf club is located in Augusta, Georgia.

Handicap Differential: This is numeral used to calculate handicap index.

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Barranca: Barranca is a term used to describe a dry pitch, ravine or gully which is filled with rocks.

Cup: Simply put, it is a synonym for a hole on the putting green, where the golfer aims his ball at.

Waste Bunker: Not a hazard under rules of golf, unless specified, a waste bunker refers to a sandy area, normally expansive. It also includes all the trees for that particular hole.

Redan/Redan Hole: Redan hole is one of the most copied golf courses across the globe. A flight or a division comprises golfers with more or less similar golf skills. Then add the remaining and the person who has the lowest score is the winner.

Mashie: A pre 20th century golf club, with a wooden shaft closely similar to the contemporary 5-iron is a Mashie.

Finishing Hole: It is the last hole a golfer will play in a round of golf.

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Address: When the stance is taken, the club is grounded and the position is taken by the golfer as he or she stands over the ball, it is called that he or she is at address. It means the same as it generally means. Here, the low score is the ace and the person who wins it, gets a particular amount from the other three players. Buggy is one of the basic golf terms.

Chapman System: Named after Dick Chapman, a great amateur golfer, this is basically a golf tournament format. Although the purists prefer bunker, some also call it trap.

Mutt and Jeff: The side bet or golf tournament format where the spotlight is on par-3′s and par-5′s only, is called Mutt and Jeff.

Eagle: When there is a score of a couple of strokes less to par on any individual hole, it is an eagle.

Eclectic: This is a multi-round golf tournament that ends up with one 18-hole score for each player.

Fore: It is a warning call yelled by a golfer in case he or she hits an erratic shot, which could possibly land dangerously close to another player or a group of players.

The Train: This is a betting game best played in groups where points are given for good shots. It is also called the ‘Divot Tool’.

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Frequency Matching: The process whereby it is ensured that the shaft vibrations of all clubs in a particular set, when struck, match in frequency, is called frequency matching.

Seve: A golfer wins a seve, which is a side bet, only after he accomplishes par by hitting into the incorrect fairway. Here, players get rotational partners at every 6th hole.

Obstacle Stroke Value: The numerical representation of the gravity and playing ability of obstacles and hazards on a golf course, which is a crucial factor in USGA course and slope rating numbers is called obstacle stroke value.

Odds and Evens: Akin to the golf format Alternate Shot, this format has one player hitting shots on holes which are even and the other on odd holes. Here both the teams tee off and then the best drive is chosen, followed by alternate shot to the hole.

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Fairways & Greens: For groups of golfers who have similar handicaps, this is considered to be the best betting game.

Play It Again, Sam: This refers to another name for No Alibis were the initial handicaps are converted into mulligans. It is also sometimes called ‘Acey Ducey’. The proper way to decide the hitting order has been prescribed in the rules of golf and golf etiquette. While the golfer is struggling with his shots, it is called bleeding.

Hardpan: The areas in rough, fairways, or other areas with an exception of hazards, having hard ground, as a result of compacting of the soil is called hardpan.

Holed: This is the situation where the ball is at rest in the cup and it is below the lip of the hole. Blast Out is another name for blast.

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Loft: Not to go too much into technicalities, loft provides you with a cue as to how high and how far will the golf ball go. The winner here is the one who has the lowest number of putts.

Course Management: The golfer’s decision-making during a round of golf is called course management.

Routing: It refers to the path followed by a golf course from the 1 st tee to its final green.

Captain’s Choice: This is just another name for golf tournament format called scramble.

Buggy: It helps carry a golfer’s bag of clubs around the course or it is also referred to as a passenger golf cart. This format permits golfers without handicap index to participate in golf tournament and contest to win low net prizes or titles.

Aircraft Carrier: A long, flat and rectangular teeing ground, normally a few feet higher above the level of the turf around, is called an aircraft carrier. The soil on the greens which has been compacted by the traffic of golfers, is opened up by punching of holes and removal of dirt.

Par: Basically, it is the standard number of scores which a scratch player is expected to finish a course or a hole.

Texas Wedge: When a putter is used to putt off, from the green, it is called a Texas Wedge. Disaster is another name for Trouble.

Taylor Made Golf: This is the world’s most popular and one of the foremost manufacturers of golf equipment. So its like the ball is in jail.

Derby: It is a tournament having a field of 19 players and is better known as Shoot Out.

Weekend Hacker: Hacker is a bad golfer and add weekend to it, means weekend hacker, that is a golfer who plays just on weekends, which means he or she does not play or practice enough to increase the level of their game.

Sandbagger: Normally any golfer who tends to pretend how worse he is at golf (which he or she is actually not) and misleads others is called a sandbagger. For a left-handed golfer, it will be the opposite.

Pivot: During the swing the upper body of a golfer turns and coils a bit. Push is a ball flight which starts on the right of the line of the target and retains that direction straight ahead and winds up keeping the target well to the right, for a right-hander.

Uglies: It is a side bet played amongst a group of golfers and the value of the uglies is always pre-decided before the round. It is either a match play tournament or betting game.

Grip: The sheath of leather, plastic or rubber on the shaft is termed as grip.

Slice: Here, interestingly, the ball curves similar to the shape of a banana. Sometimes in abbreviated form, a municipal course is called Muni.

Back Nine: As the name suggests, these are last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course. It is also called a snapper, duck hook or snap hook.

Quail High: Quail high refers to a very low trajectory shot.

Three Ball: Three Ball means that each player has two matches to play in a round of golf. But if there are bad shots or the likes, the points are cut. Then the ball is played from the spot it has come to rest, without any penalties.

Golf Club: It has the same meanings as club.

Press (or Pressing the Bet): Simply put, it is a second bet, which commences during a round and runs parallel to the original bet.

Hood – Hooded – Hooding the Club: This is a tricky one. It also has a few other specifications like the soil is sandy which is easily drained, rough featuring natural sea side grasses and so on.

Looping: The way the caddies use the word loop, to give a description of their circuit around a golf course is called looping.

One Club: This is precisely the meaning of the golf tournament. One of the golf side bets is also called honors.

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Muscleback: Iron with a full back of the clubhead, rather than a cavity back iron is called muscleback.

KP: Well, there is no reason why closest to the pin is abbreviated as KP, but is just that.

Short Side: This makes a reference to the position of the ball in connection to the location or placement of the cup on the green. It is basically the angle where the face of the club is, in relation to a perfectly vertical face.

Sweet Spot: It is the exact and perfect spot on the clubface, where the impact is the best one could have on the ball.

Rough: The areas marshaling the boundaries of the fairways featuring thick and high grass or natural, unkempt vegetation is called the rough.

Divot Tool: It is the same as a ball mark tool.

Nines: This is a points based competition played amongst players in group of fours. That is called pivot.

Wormburner: This is a kind of shot which is unintentional and it just grazes the ground, it has such low trajectory. These are a regular feature of links-category of golf courses.

Split Tees: In the condition where half of the field in a golf tournament begins at the tee which is number 1 and the other half begins on the tee no.10.

Here are the A to Z of terms used in the game of golf.

Heel: The spot where the clubhead is attached to the spot, it is called the heel.

Ballmark Tool: This is a two-pronged tool which is used to repair putting green ball marks. Four player teams play scramble, but the player whose ball is selected for both the shots, cannot play the next stroke.

Match Play: A competition format in which the round is played with the aim of winning individual holes.

Stimp: When you say the stimp of the green, it refers to the measurement of how fast the greens are, with the help of a stimpmeter.

Am-Am: Well, this is for the new or upcoming kids on the block. It is named after a renowned golf club designer, Ralph Maltby.

Maraging Steel: It is a type of steel alloy, (harder than normal steel) which is sometimes used to make irons.

Money Ball: Money Ball is another term for Lone Ranger.

Forecaddie: He is the one who does not carry the golf clubs, instead he keeps a group of players moving by telling them individually where his or her ball is.

Triples: This is the name of the competition amongst players in teams of three. Here the ball is struck and is played back into the player’s stance.

Stance: Stance is the way the golfers stand or position their feet before they play a stroke.

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Dots: It is a well-known game of golf played between members of the same grouping. A golfer can take advice from his partner, his caddie, and his partner’s caddie as well. It is vice versa for a left hander.

Up and Down: When a golfer just takes a couple of strokes for holing the ball when starting off the green or in a greenside hazard, it is called Up and Down.

Aces and Deuces: This is a betting game, best suited for groups of four golfers. Hook: Hook is the flight or trajectory of the ball which commences with the golf ball out to right before sharply curving to the left, while it misses its target to left.

Ready Golf: This without any complexities, means when you are ready, hit. It is also called a tester.

Crown: The top surface of the clubhead, the part you can see when looking down at address, called the crown.

Stop the Bleeding: If a player is playing in a pathetic manner with bad shots going all over the park, the golfer needs to hit a fantastic shot to get a grip on the game again. Those who swear by these golf clubs, say that they provide accuracy and variety when it comes to short shots.

Alternate Fairway: A golf hole offering two fairways is referred to as having an alternate fairway.

Shazam: It is a golf bet and an exclusively putting oriented bet at that. Here, points are given for an accomplishment out of five and in case a side sweeps all the points, they are said to have scored umbrella, with points being doubled.

Target Line: This term describes the line from the ball to its target, or just simply, line of play.

Low Putts: It is a popular side bet in addition to being a tournament format. That is the line of putt. A-wedge is another name for gap wedge or approach wedge.

T and F: If it is a T and F tournament, the T and F denote the first letters of the holes on the course. It is the exact and perfect contact between the club head and the golf ball, while the club is in full swing. This is for a right-handed golfer.

Back Tees: The tees at the extreme rear of a golf course are the back tees.

Pull: A golf ball’s trajectory in which the ball initially moves towards left of the line of the target and goes on in the same direction, ending up on the left side of the target. It is really embarrassing for the golfer as it might appear that he or she does not know how to hit a golf ball.

Biarritz: When a green has a deep gully cutting or dividing its middle, it is called a biaritz or biaritz green.

Ball in Play: This just means that the ball has not been holed and you are still having a go at it.

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Water Hole: When a hole on the golf course features water, which is in a position that it compels the golfer to play over it for the completion of a hole, it is called a water hole.

Work the Ball: In short, manipulating a ball, and to purposefully curve or shape a shot is called ‘to work the ball’.

Transition: The condition where a backswing is converted into a downswing, it is called Transition.

Hook: Hook is the flight or trajectory of the ball which commences with the golf ball out to right before sharply curving to the left, while it misses its target to left.

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Lunch Ball: When a golfer has not struck the ball according to his satisfaction and has not got the intended result, he or she takes a second attempt. They are called counterparts on account of their loft and the purpose of swing they serve.

Ball Washer: A device normally kept besides tee boxes to clean the golf balls is called a ball washer.

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False Front: The part of the green which slopes downwards in the direction of the fairway is called the false front. This is system basically for tournaments.

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Polee: Polee refers to a sidebet with different meanings. Vardon Overlap is interchangeably used with Vardon Grip.

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Trap: A bunker in other words is called a trap. So in short it means the fairways and the rough.

Putter: A club which has a slight face or very little loft, is called a putter. It is also called the Mulligan.

Quit: In this shot, the golfer does not follow through totally with momentum, instead there is de-acceleration through impact.

Cut Line: The score indicating the point of division in a tournament between the golfers who will continue and those who will be cut from the field

Unplayable Lie:This is a situation where the ball is in such a spot that a golfer decides that the existing spot where the ball is, it cannot be played.

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Reverse Scramble: Scramble is a tournament format where the members of a team tee off and the best is chosen and then,the next shot is taken from that spot. This is for a right-handed golfer.

Course Rating: Course rating is the evaluation of the difficulty level of the course for scratch golfers.

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Mulligan: Mulligan is nothing but a lunch ball with a different name. When a golf ball hits this area, it mostly rolls back down in the fairway, so it is called a false front.

Circle on the Scorecard: This term denotes the custom or the ritual of encircling the birdie score when writing the score on the scorecard.

Movable Obstruction: An obstruction which can be moved without a herculean effort, sans delaying the play unnecessarily or leading to a damage is called a movable obstruction.

Putting Cleek: It is primarily a golf club used for putting, which is either shallow faced lofted wooden club or narrow bladed iron clubs. This, however, has a twist. It is a one-day handicapping system.

Trampoline Effect: This denotes the condition where a club’s face contributes force to the shot by bouncing back.

Under Par: Under par simply means not up to the par. In case of cities, the cities with a whole gamut of golf courses is a golf town.

Eliminator: This is basically a tournament format for teams with 4 members. The high score is the deuce here and the person staking it loses an amount of money to other three.

Foot Wedge: When a golfer cheats his way out of trouble using a club, it is in slang called foot wedge. The aim in Rabbit is to get the lowest possible score on a hole and the player then gets the honor post 9th and 18th holes.

Rainmaker: It means to strike a pop up or skying the ball.

Water Hazard: Any kind of open water source, from lakes to streams to ocean to sea or even drainage ditches on the course are termed as water hazard. These are not counted as hazards according to the golf rules.

Powerball: Sometimes used a synonym for scramble, it actually refers to the fact that the tournament is a scramble, but with a twist.

Honors: A player is having honors refers to the player hitting first from the tee box. These are normally the tees starting from where the course is the longest to play.

Bogey Rating: According to the United States Golf Association, bogey rating refers to the evaluation of difficulty level or rating of the golf course with regards to boogie golfers.

Open Club Face: When the club face is slightly in the clockwise direction inside the swing path, causing the ball to slice, it is called open clubface.

Amen Corner: The mecca of golf lovers and golf players- Augusta National Golf Club has holes 11, 12 and 13. In case these conditions are having a negative impact on the ball, a player is entitled to relief.

Above the Hole: To describe the position of the golf ball in connection with the cup, or hole, when the ball is on the green, the golf phrase ‘above the hole’ is used.

Line of Putt: After putting, a golfer expects the ball to travel on a particular path. In case the golfer has club using different colors, or gets more than 3 tee boxes, the golfer can consider it as Forward, Middle and Back Tournament.

Green: Green is the completion of a golf hole, at the spot of the location of the flagstick and the cup. The thumb of the lead hand ideally in this situation should fit snugly in the lifeline of the hand placed lower on the club. Am-Am simply means a game where there is a pair of a couple of amateurs- Am-Am, with ‘Am’ meaning short for amateur.

Slice: Slice is the ball trajectory in which the ball bends towards outside, sharply in connection with the swing.

Interlock or Interlocking Grip: This is a kind of golf grip where hands are locked together by locking or intertwining the little finger of the trailing hand with index finger of the top hand.

In the Bucket: Another name for Eliminator, it is a kind of best ball competition where in every fourth hole, one player’s score must count as the team score. The bet is on the possibility that a competitor will three-putt a green.

Ground Under Repair: This means exactly what it implies to be, that the ground is under repair by the maintenance crew.

Inside Path: When inside the plane, the corresponding path of the club is referred to as inside path.

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Spade Mashie: A pre-20th century golf club, this is closely linked to today’s 6-irons.

Stealies: A type of golf bet, running parallel to the closest to the pin (kp) bet.

Modified Pinehurst: It is a golf format for two player teams. This is one of the most basic golf terms.

Bite: When a golfer wants a ball in flight to hit the green and stop, he or she is often heard as shouting ‘bite’.

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Blind Bogey: Blind Bogey is type of tournament format, where most commonly golfers are required to play 18 holes of stroke play.

Tight Lie: A lie where the ball is in a place or spot where there is very little grass below the ball, or the ball is on bare dirt, is called a tight lie.

Bump and Run: Usually played from approximately the same distance you would possibly play a pitch shot, bump and run is an approach shot to the green.

Bore-Through: A bore through is termed to the situation where the shaft goes in the club head, penetrating till the sole of the club.

Irish Four Ball: Very well-known in Australia, Irish Four Ball has a team of golfers who play their ball throughout and use a Stableford or a Modified Stableford scoring system.

Perimeter Weighting: The distribution of weight in a clubhead, in very uniform manner around the club by adding more weight to the heel, sole and toe.

Alignment: It is the position of the hips, shoulders and feet in a proper alignment with each other.

Driver: One of the standard golf clubs carried by golfers is the driver.

Divot: It refers to the scraping off the turf top as a result of shots from the fairway using an iron. There are essentially three players in this game. The crux of a redan is greens and green complex. On the other hand, some golfers and golf instructors consider shutting the club face as hooding.

Hole: In very easy terms, hole is where the golfers aim to putt the golf ball. Dimples are indentations covering a golf ball. This continues till the ball gets holed. In the manner of usage, they are most akin to contemporary wedges.

Condor: An extremely rare triple eagle is called a Condor.

Chicago: This is again a golf game format, based on beginning of rounds by golfers with negative points.

Stroke Play: It is a round of golf where the score is calculated by addition of cumulative total of the strokes which were needed throughout that round.

Fringe: A closely mowed area surrounding the green and just off the putting surface is called the fringe. The iron one is similar to modern 1 iron and the wooden resembles today’s 4-wood.

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Effective Playing Length: Effective playing length is the yardage of the golf course and the holes in it but it is adjusted for the terrain. Frog Hair is a slang term for fringe.

Tiger Tees: Tee boxes which are used in professional competitions are called tiger tees in slang terms.

Lie Angle: The angle which is developed between the center of the shaft and the ground line of the club during the time when the club is soled in appropriate playing position, is the lie angle.

Up: This is the distance to the hole from a specific spot.

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Bingo Bango Bongo: This is one of the very common formats of the game and is a point based game.

Out-of-Bounds: The areas outside a golf course from where no one is permitted to play is termed as out of bound in the glossary of golf terms.

Round: Round refers to the completion of 18 holes of golf. Well. Starting off with 36 holes, the players then compare their scorecards. It works thus- after finishing a round, identify the 3 highest individual hole scores and then eliminate them. It is a target for majority of golfers on all holes except par 3s.

Murphy: It is a kind of bet which can be invoked or initiated by a golfer chipping to the green. It is generally in squares and rolls.. In a scotch foursome, it might mean that the alternate shots are considered and carried over from a hole to another.

Foursomes: This is another name for alternate shot.

Las Vegas Scramble: A modification of the original golf format scramble, Las Vegas Scramble uses a 6-sided die.

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Through the Green: Every area of the golf course with the exception of teeing grounds, hazards and greens. Or sometimes it is so close to the ground that it appears that it has skimmed the ground.

Moment of Inertia: The golfing terminology used to describe a clubhead’s resistance towards twisting when the ball is hit.

Face Angle: Face angle is the angle of the face of the club head in relation to the target.

Facing: When there is a grassy incline, coming up out of the bunker in the green’s direction. It is played amongst 2, 3 or 4 member teams .When it is played amongst 2 member teams, it called ‘Best Ball’.

Utility Wedge: This is a kind of a lofted wedge which is different from sand wedge or pitching wedge in either loft and sole aspects or both.

Par or Out: A game where full handicaps are used involving golfers with low handicap is a par out. The lower the handicap, the better a golfer. In this format, both players from each side tee off and then they exchange the golf balls. This is called appearances.

Lag or Lag Putt: A putt which is meant to stop tantalizingly close to the hole but not expected to be holed is a lag putt.

Last Man Standing: This is another name for ‘Flags’ format, where the winner is the one who progresses farthest round the course by the time he or she finishes with their allotted quota of strokes.

Club: Golf club, the term is used to denote the tool used to strike the golf ball, or a golfing facility or golf course and finally an association or a group of golfers.

TPC: Tournament Players Club- (TPC) is a designation given to golf courses and courses with this designation are under the ownership of the PGA tour.

Belly Putter: This is a type of putter which has a longer shaft as compared to conventional putter.

Open Face: The position of the clubface in connection with the target line at the moment of the striking of the ball is called an open face.

Aim: The correct position of shoulders, knees and hips, in alignment, in one direction and normally at 90 degree angle is termed as Aim.

USGA: This is an abbreviation of United States Golf Association.

Heather: This is an all-inclusive golf terminology for tall and thin grasses skirting the primary rough.

Double Green: A green big enough that it serves as green for two different cups on the golf course.

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Draw: It is the flight path of the ball where the ball gently curves right to left for a right-hander and vice versa for a left-hander.

Double Bogey: A score on an individual hole which is a couple of strokes more than par.

Winter Rules: This is nothing but synonym for preferred lies.

Flush: This is one of the golfing terms all the golfers yearn to hear. It is imperative for a golfer to be considered at his or her address to ensure that the club is grounded..

Crisscross: This serves as either a tournament format or a betting game. In this grip, the little finger (of the hand placed lower on the club) is placed between the index and middle finger of the lead (placed higher on the club). Then, out of them, the best is selected and the players carry on until the ball is holed.

Handicap: It is the numerical representation of a golfer’s skill and ability. So for instance a golfer with a handicap of 5 is better than one with a handicap of 20.

Outside Path: Outside path is that path of the club when the golf club is outside the plane.

Green Fee: It is the amount a golf club charges to play on its golf course.

Vardon Grip: This is another name for the overlapping grip. This is because the points are given on the basis of their scores in linkage with a fixed score at each hole.

Mouth Wedge: The golfers who incessantly talk to their opponents in order to disturb their game are termed as using a mouth wedge.

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Spring-Like Effect: This is an expression describing what is the subject of measurement in connection with coefficient of restitution.

Three Blind Mice: This refers to a tournament format, where after the scorecards are given, the organizers of the tournament draw three holes at random from the course which has just ended. He indulges in inflation of his handicap index to enhance his possibilities of winning the bets or tournaments.

Sandie (Sandy): Making par on a hole where you were in a bunker refers to Sandie. In other sense, it is a synonym for Barkies or Woddies and Arnies.

Greensomes: It is basically a 2-person game, a variation of scramble, where the players scramble off the tee.

Address: When the stance is taken, the club is grounded and the position is taken by the golfer as he or she stands over the ball, it is called that he or she is at address. It’s basically a long pole with a scoop.

Course Handicap: Number that tells golfers the number of strokes they are permitted to take during a handicap round.

Progressive Offset: The quantity or amount of offset which changes from club to club, throughout the sets, especially iron sets, is called progressive offset.

Net/Net Score: A player’s gross score after the consideration of the respective golf course handicap is called net score.

Skins/Skins Game: This stages players in a kind of match play where each hole is allotted a set value. The ball is then played from the spot it is according to the best shot. It happens because the clubhead slips below the teed ball.

Double Eagle: A score of three under par on any individual hole is called a double eagle in golf terminology.

First Cut: Grass that is just besides a closely mowed fairway is called the first cut.

Birdie: Birdie is a score on an individual hole which is one stroke below par.

Touch: The feel or the sensitivity towards golf shots and the overall flow of a golfer’s stroke play.

Approach: A shot in the golf green from the fairway is referred to as approach.

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Pot (hole) Bunker: This is a type of bunker which is small, but is very deep and has steep faces and is round. Dick Chapman, one of the great amateur golfers, thought of this format at Pinehurst Resort, so the name.

Pro Shop: This is either at the golf course, in the clubhouse where the golfers pay the green fees and golf merchandise is for sale; or a separate entity or to be more specific, business selling only golf merchandise.

Driving Range: Just like a shooting range where you practice shooting, driving range is a practice facility found at almost all golf courses.

Hit It Flush: This is as same as Flush.

Bentgrass: This is the favored grass choice in any climate in which it can be grown.

Cart Path: The designated route or the route exclusively to be followed by carts is the cart path.

Executive Course: A golf course which mainly has par 3 and relatively short par 4 holes is called an executive course..

Punchbowl Green: A green below is fairway level surrounded by a mound, leading the golf balls to be funneled down to the putting surface is called punch bowl green.

Switch: Switch as a tournament format has 2-person teams where the players switch balls after the tee shots. It is also called the flex point or bend point.

Knife: This is just another word for a one iron.

Casual Water: Temporary accumulation of water on golf course is termed as casual water.

Ace: When a ‘hole in one ‘ is scored, or a player has scored 1 on any hole, it is an ‘Ace’. It is also a side bet.

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Range Ball: Those balls which are used only on driving range, marked to distinguish them from the regular balls are called range balls.

Best Nines: Very commonly called Nassau, it features front nine, back nine and 18-hole scores as separate tournaments or bets.

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Defender: Betting Game or points game in which a member of the group for each hole is labeled as the defender of that hole. A stymie was supposed to occur in a condition when another ball was placed straight in the putting line of a golfer’s ball.

Swing Speed: The speed of the swing of a golfer’s club which is defined by the speed of the club head at the point of impact with the ball.

Track: The layout or the way the holes on the course are routed is called track. For instance, ‘Kick Left’ or ‘Kick Right’.

Kickpoint: A point or spot along the length of the shaft, where it presents the maximum amount of bend when you pull the tip down. This is a spot on the green where a flagstick can be seen and the turf has been chipped off to prepare that hole or cup.

Golf Terminology for Beginners

Claret Jug: Trophy awarded to the winner of the British Open is the ‘Claret Jug’.

Contour: It refers to the undulations in a putting green. This is followed by exchanging of balls and then each of the player takes his second shot at the spot where their contrasting respective ball lies.

Stadium Course: Stadium golf course or stadium course is a golf course built with one of its aims being to give golf fans great vantage points. For some hooding the club entails pressing the hands forward,that leads to making the club face more upright, which is a way to de-loft the club. It is basically the angle where the face of the club is, in relation to a perfectly vertical face.

Links: Links, although is a golf terminology used as an alternative to Golf course, it is a particular type of golf course, which is basically built along sea side. In other words, that one player plays against the other 3.

Unplayable Lie: This is a situation where the ball is in such a spot that a golfer decides that the existing spot where the ball is, it cannot be played.

Equitable Stroke Control: Equitable Stroke Control or ESC is a method for minimizing the effects of disaster holes on handicap indexes and this system is used by the USGA.

Chunk: This is a kind of shot where the golf club hits the ground before it hits the ball which leads to digging into the turf and it produces a big pit.

Country Club: Country club refers to a social and recreational facility, either private or semi private and has a golf course most of the time.

Waggle: You could call this as a warm up of sorts for the golf club. In addition to this, a county-owned golf course is also termed as municipal course. This is for a right-handed golfer. This prevents the chance for a golfer to putt out of the bunker. In reverse scramble it is the opposite, the worst of the tee balls is chosen.

Loft: Not to go too much into technicalities, loft provides you with a cue as to how high and how far will the golf ball go. ‘Back Side is another name for ‘Back Nine’.

Backspin: When the ball rotates backward (towards the player)in flight along its horizontal axis, it is called the backspin.

Mid Mashie: It is the bygone era golf club counterpart of modern-day 3-irons.

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Away: The player whose ball is the farthest from the hole whether in a fairway or a green is called being ‘away’. This is a must know amongst the terms in golf terms glossary.

Brassie: Brassie is the closest twentieth century counterpart to modern-day 2-woods.

Army Golf: Army golf is a slang amongst the golf terms. The male scratch golfer hits his tee shots an average of 250 yards and can reach a 470-yard hole in two shots. It also extends to a fair amount of space on both sides of the expected path and does not extend beyond the hole. This is best played by partners who have similar level of expertise or golfers who use full handicaps.

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Maltby Playability Factor: This is a rating system attempting to rank golf clubs on the criteria that how easy or difficult they are for differently skilled golfers to play. This is called uphill lie.

Pitch Mark: This is the same as ball mark.

Modified Stableford: A golf format, which is a modification of the original format called Stableford. His job is to achieve the lowest score as possible on the hole, while the others will try to beat him.

Demo Day: An event usually held at a driving range or a practice facility, where the golfers present get the chance to have a go at golf clubs. This basically means that a player is hitting the ball all over the park, in different direction.

Drive: This is the very first shot on a hole which is hit from the teeing ground.

Coring: The method through which golf course is aerated is called coring. Either it is a just-one-time bet while a round is going on or it could be an ongoing bet which will continue all throughout a round.

Signature Hole: It is mostly a marketing gimmick used by golf courses to entice golfers. It is used to refer to putts barely making it to the hole, but eventually they do end up the golf ball in the hole.

Out: Out in golf terminology is another name for away.

Approach Wedge: Another name for gap wedge, approach wedge is a name for a golf club which has a high loft. The other meaning of lie is the number of strokes consumed by the golfer to get the ball in the position where it is at rest.

Striping: Striping is nothing but the crisscross pattern of the blades of grass which are mowed in different directions by the course mowers.

Pin High: The term describing the depth to which a golfer has placed his approach shot on the green is called pin high.

Advice: Well, this does not have any ‘golf’ connotation. Basically a stadium golf course will have greens giving something like an amphitheater effect.

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Peoria System: A one day handicapping system where majority of golfers are not given actual handicap indexes. This is also a side bet in a competition of Three Ball.

Fade: It is the trajectory of the ball or its flight, on the spot where the golf ball comes off from the face of the club. It is basically a collection of side bets.

Pitch or Pitch Shot: When a shot is played using a highly lofted club, which is precisely made in a way that it goes a short distance with a high trajectory, it is termed as pitch shot.

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Cut Shot: A kind of controlled golf shot where a fadeball flight is induced by the golfer.

Lip: This has two meanings when it comes to golf terms and golf phrases. When on the tee, it is honors and if it is otherwise, its away.

Break: The allusion to the amount the path of the ball curves when putt or, the level of curvature or slope of the greens is called ‘Break’.

GHIN An acronym for Golf Handicap and Information Network, GHIN is a service by the USGA allowing golfers and golf clubs to access and post information electronically. The player who is labeled as the wolf opts if hole 1 against 3 can be played. Then they select the better scores made on each hole and after adding up, whoever has the lowest score wins.

Caddie: Caddie is the person who carries the golf bag of a player.

Calcutta: Calcutta refers to a kind of a bid or an auction, where golfers stake claims on the golfer or the team they think will win.

Abnormal Ground Conditions: Abnormal ground conditions include ground under repair, casual water, holes made by burrowing animals and so on. Basically it is the name of a golf tournament, rather a tournament within a tournament.

X-Out: In golfing terminology, X-outs or X-out golf balls are those golf balls on which the brand name has been distorted, using the symbol X. But advice which could prohibit other player’s choices is not allowed unless he or she is your partner.

Pitching Wedge: This refers to a lofted short iron, which in the order of golf clubs comes after 9-iron.

Square Club Face: When you say it is a square clubface, it means that the club face is in a position perpendicular to the swing path.

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Scratch Golfer: A scratch golfer is the one who shoots par or better. Here, the members of each team play their individual golf ball for individual scores and two of those in combination make up the score of team on every hole.

Bermudagrass: In the tropical and warm climates, this is the most common turf used by courses.

Golf Town: Golf town is a golf term which is used to describe retail outlets or cities which are very much into golf. However, this is different from the set of points than the rule book norms.

Dogleg: The direction of the individual golf hole is termed as dogleg.

Thirty-Two: A side bet for the golfers focusing on putting, with a challenge from a golfer to another for preventing a three-putt is called thirty two.

Honey Pot: If you do not this amongst the plethora of golf terms and definitions, you might just think of quitting the game. Then the ball is hit once again from the same spot. It is less than par.

Grain: On a golf course, the direction in which the grass, or to be specific every single blade of grass is growing is called the grain.

Bridge: It is a golf game requiring accurate interpretation of your golf skills and limitations.

Trailing Edge: The part of a golf club which is at the extreme back of its sole.

Stableford: This is a format of the golf tournament where the aim is to achieve the highest score. The term signature hole means that there is one hole which is most photogenic and pleasing on the course as decided by the golf course management.

Amateur status: Amateur status simply means that the player is a rookie and is yet to be a professional. Those putting greens with a lot of contour are called Contoured Greens.

System 36: This is a single day handicapping method or rather system, resembling in character and operation to Callaway and Peoria. It can have pebbles, rocks, shells and vegetation on it.

Ball Flight: It refers to the trajectory of a golf ball which has been struck and is in mid-air.

Selected Score: This is a game of golf or very commonly a bet played over golf holes counting to 36. It is the easiest golf bets and is all about how well do you know the game.

Dimple Pattern: Simply put the pattern of the dimples on the cover of the golf ball is called dimple pattern. Another meaning of divot is the chipped off area in the fairway, where the turf existed.

Bounce: The measurement of the angle (in degrees) from the front edge of the sole of a club till the point actually resting on the ground on the spot of address is called bounce.

Approach Course: A golf course having short holes, may be a par 3 distance or shorter and falling short on designated teeing areas is called approach course.

Bunker: Filled in with sand, bunker is either a hole or depression and is categorized as a hazard.

Las Vegas: No confusions here, this is not what you thought it is (were you thinking about casinos by any chance?). The value of ‘nasties’ is decided before the commencement of the round.

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Stymie: A vintage aspect of golf, which was a part of singles match play till 1952, after which it was removed from the Rules of Golf. Basically it involves the use of string by players to get the ball out of the rough or a bunker.

Split Fairway: A single fairway branching out in a couple of different fairways reaching and opening out in the same green is called a split fairway.

Overswing: This refers to a swing so hard that it affects the result in a negative manner.

­The putting green beckons, you call your caddie, and off you go to tee for a par. T and F are of special importance in this kind of a tournament.

Tap In: Tap is another name for ‘gimme’, which refers to a sure shot short putt.

No Putts: No putts is a tournament format where the winner is decided by all strokes except for the putts.

Closest to the Pin: This contest is a regular and default contest when it comes to charity golf tournaments and events, corporate outings and amateur golf tournaments.

Duffer: Simply put, duffer means a bad golfer.

Pull: A golf ball’s trajectory in which the ball initially moves towards left of the line of the target and goes on in the same direction, ending up on the left side of the target. It refers to the golfer’s ability in full swing.

Push Slice: This is similar to push, where the ball starts moving right of the target and then bends or curves even more.

Upright: A steep or a very upright, vertical swing plane, lie angle or stance is referred to as upright.

Reverse Overlap: The most used golf grip for putting which involves holding the club in such a way that the index finger of the top hand is on the top of the fingers of the bottom hand.

Quota Tournament: Quota Tournament is a game which has a structure similar to Chicago. After you are done reading this, you will never be left wondering on the golf course.

Kick: Kick is a golfing terminology used interchangeably with golf phrase ‘bounce’, like bouncing ball. It also refers to the trajectory of a golf ball which has been struck and is in mid air.

Municipal Course: When a golf course owned by a city has to be indicated, it is called a municipal golf course. Ben Hogan is a golf hall of fame player.

Round Robin: It denotes a game of golf played best when there are groups of four golfers. They specialize in great golf clubs, and their components.

Ball Mark: Also called the pitch mark, ball mark is the indentation made by a ball upon landing on the green.

Apron: The area which is neatly moved, especially around the putting green and between the putting surface and any kind of undulated ground surrounding the putting green is called apron.

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Best Ball: This is one of the most popular golf tournament formats, where the low score or the best hit of a team is considered to be its team score. Crowned green slopes down from its middle to its edges.

Carry: This refers to clearing off an obstacle off the golf course.

Clubhouse: When the golfers arrive at the golf course, they first head to the club house which contains a small food and drink service.

Flier: A shot which travels a distance not needed, which often leads the golfer to overshoot the target considerably is called a flier.

Slope Rating: The difficulty of a course for bogey golfers ranging from 55 to 155, in relation to the USGA course rating, is termed as golf slope rating.

Push: Push is a ball flight which starts on the right of the line of the target and retains that direction straight ahead and winds up keeping the target well to the right, for a right-hander.

Ball Retriever: It is a tool, which is by default carried by players who hit their ball in the water a lot of times. It is imperative for a golfer to be considered at his or her address to ensure that the club is grounded..

Albatross: Three under par on any hole is called a double eagle in the USA. With an amateur status, a player cannot get paid to endorse a product, does not accept appearance fees and does not accept prize money for being a part of a tournament.

Disaster: It is a points game where the winner is the one who has collected the minimum points as points are given for bad shots.

Downhill Lie: The angle which is caused by a golf ball placed on a sloping hill, mostly downward.

English: A betting game or a score-oriented competition played between groups of 3.

Cut: Cut in relation to golf means a shot which is a controlled fade or reduction of a field where a tournament is going to be played.

Snake: A betting game which sort of spells doom for that member of the foursome, who has 3-putts just lately.

Hosel Rocket: A slang term for shank, hosel rocket is a kind of shot where the hosel is the point of contact between the golf ball and the golf club.

Aeration: Aeration basically is a golf terminology hinting towards the aeration of soil. This could include golf tips and related things.

Gap Wedge: Gap wedge is a golf terminology for a golf club with high loft which provides more accuracy and variety when it comes to short shots.

Knockdown: A shot played mostly to control trajectory, spin and distance, but which is short of a full swing.

Toe: The end of the clubhead which is the farthest from the shaft or the hosel or the neck is called the toe.

Center Cut: This term is used to denote the golf shots which are well struck and which traveled very nicely down the middle.

Hate ‘Em: These are ‘problem holes’, which are hated by golfers and that’s why it is called hate them. Front Nine is also referred to as Front Side.

Arnies: When a golfer makes a par on a hole sans being in the fairway, he wins a side bet. That means, he swung and it missed the ball. Here, every time, a hole is won by a player, the opponent has the chance to opt for a single club form his bag, which will lead to the elimination of that club from the course of play.

Five of Clubs: It is a format of a golf tournament, where each golfer is allowed to use just 5 golf clubs.

Knee Knocker: Knee Knocker refers to a short putt, which somehow, is not at all challenging, but it is also not a ‘Gimme’ at the same time. Golf Cart is the term for golf car most widely used in North America.

Scotch Foursomes: Most of the time, Scotch Foursomes is just a synonym for Foursomes. This command is yelled by a golfer with regards to his golf ball in mid air. The side to which the hole is cut on the green is the short side.

Hacker: Hacker is another name for duffer, although, hacker applies to an individual golfer as an insult. The other meaning of lie is the number of strokes consumed by the golfer to get the ball in the position where it is at rest.

Ball Marker: This object is used to mark the spot where the ball is lifted on the putting green.

Windcheater: A shot that is hardly affected by wind, as it has low ball flight and is penetrating.

Sand Trap: A bunker filled with sand is called a sand trap in vernacular.

Auto Win: In the situation where holes are automatically won by player wanting to achieve either of these three - chip-in from off the green, sticking in an approach in the flagstick from 150 yards or more and any par 3, is an auto win. It is meant to putt or roll the ball on ground.

Nicklauses: Nicklauses is a side bet in which the long drive on each hole wons automatically, but the drive must be in the fairway.

Red, White and Blue Tournament: This name of a golf tournament format makes an allusion to the color of tee markers. Mulligans, the plural is also a competition format for groups of golfers.

Range Rat: A golfer or aspiring golfer who spends most of his time at the driving range and loves to hone his golfing skills is called a range rat.

Die in the Hole: This is one of the important golf words and phrases. It is especially meant for groups of three players and the targeted player is selected on the basis of the driving performance.

Draw: It is the flight path of the ball where the ball gently curves right to left for a right-hander and vice versa for a left hander.

Pitching Niblick: Primarily a historical golf club, with a short wooden shaft, which lead to it being an obvious choice for short approaches and chipping. This leads to low and sometimes slicing shot, which could travel a long distance.

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Air Presses: Single hole bets amongst individuals which are put claims on when the ball is in mid air are called air presses.

Cart Jockey: They are the caretakers of the course’s fleet of golf carts.

Bail-Out Area: An area designed or meant for serving as the target for shorter or weaker players during the playing of risky shot by stronger players is called bail out area.

Green in Regulation (GIR): Amateurs and recreational players use this statistical method for rating their rounds.

Trouble: The game in which the ultimate winner is the one who has collected the least number of points at the end of a round because the bad shots are awarded with points. Like a golfer can say to another- ‘Your ball is on the dancing floor’.

Bogey: Bogey is a score of one or more on par over individual hole.

Postage stamp: A green having a particularly small surface are indicating or posing a demanding target.

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Clubface: The clubface is the part of the golf club which strikes the golf ball at impact.

Primary Rough: The most dense, the highest and most dangerous rough for a golfer is the primary rough.

Fort Lauderdale: This is a synonym for the golf format called scramble.

Thin or Thin Shot: Sometimes it happens that a ball is struck too high, near the midpoint or perhaps slightly lower. They follow this by playing out the hole with these balls.

Compression: The rating of the density of a golf ball is called a compression.

Committee: It refers to the rules committee or the local committee which lays down the basic rules of golf.

Yank: A shot which severely swerves in the left direction of the target line in connection with a right-handed player is called a yank.

Yellow Ball: Yellow Ball is just a different word for Lone Ranger or Pink Ball or Money Ball.

Skull or Skulled Shot: To skull the ball means to have the impact of the ball with the leading edge of the iron. It is basically par 3.

Stroke: A swing, of any kind, accomplished with the purpose of striking the ball, getting it into play, is termed as stroke.

Lateral Water Hazard: It is impossible to drop behind this hazard because it runs alongside the playing area ad not across it. It then moves to the left of the target before gently turning or rather curving back towards right. Such a player usually bets getting up and down in a couple of strokes.

Par: Basically, it is the standard number of scores which a scratch player is expected to finish a course or a hole.

Par is Your Partner: This refers to a rule or stipulation in tournament which restricts a team’s or player’s optimum score on every hole to a net par.

Yellowsomes: Gruesomes is also called Yellowsomes sometimes, and it is 2-person team game which serves as a tournament format as well as a betting game.

Hogan’s Alley: A nickname of two golf courses, accompanied by the official name of one of those golf holes associated with Ben Hogan. Honey pot refers to a tournament’s prize fund or bonus pool.

Marshal: Just like we say marshaling the resources, marshal in golf is a person who manages the crowd and patrols a golf course, while keeping a steady pace of the play. It is a scheduled event.

Yips: When the golfer is nervous or anxious, it leads to nervous twitching during putting stroke, leading to an inaccurate shot. That is called arnie.

Square Face: The position of the clubface in relation to the line of target at the moment of contact where the club strikes the ball is called a square.

Below the Hole: Once the ball is on the green, below the hole describes the position of the golf ball in connection with the cup or hole.

Fairway: An area that usually runs between the tee box and green of a golf hole which is closely mowed. Evaluation of golf courses for USGA course rating and slope rating depends on this factor considerably.

Open: As opposed to Invitational, this is a tournament where participants are not restricted to those who have not been invited.

Crowned Green: A green which has center higher than its sides, is called the crowned green. So he or she is ‘in the bucket.’

Putt for Dough: This is a points game which can be played within a foursome or it also refers to a side bet for a group of golfers.

Sixes: This another name for Round Robin, a game for groups of four golfers. The small movements of the clubhead back and forth just before grounding the club to get that right momentum for the right swing is called a waggle.

Warm-Season Grasses: The grasses who thrive and experience maximum growth in warmer weather are called warm season grasses.

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Offset: The distance from extreme front of the hosel to the extreme front part of the clubhead is the offset.

Ambrose Competition: Ambrose Competition is a golf tournament format where every player tees off, the best of them is selected. One plays the other’s drive and vice versa.

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2-Man No Scotch: A golf tournament format, in 2-Man No Scotch, the members of a team tee off. It is the distance from the bottom of the grip till the clubhead of the putter.

Texas Scramble:Teas scramble is different from original in the sense that it has a condition that at least four drives of every member of a team should be used in the course of a round.

Skyball: This is a mishit where the driver makes a contact with the teed ball on its crown or at the extreme top of its face. They have varying lofts, with thin and grooved faces.

Dance Floor: This is a slang term for putting green. Then the best of them is chosen. The nicknames of these holes is Amen Corner. Here the team handicap plays an important role.

Irons: One of the 3 subsets (woods, iron and putter) included in a full golf set, irons are clubs which are most used from the spot of the fairway. Here, the golfer will putt out, culminating the end of the hole.

Tombstone: Tombstone is better known by the name of Flags, a tournament format. Albatross is the common British golf term for double eagle.

Bramble: Again, a golf format, it involves golfers teeing off and ultimately the best of the shot or drive is selected.

Ballstriking: Ball striking means the full swing abilities of a golfer. That’s why probably it is a lateral water hazard.

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Hog: This is a betting game, akin to Defender, but has an added twist.

Club Face: The clubface is the part of the golf club which strikes the golf ball at impact.

Golf Buggy: This is the same as Buggy.

Flier Lie: When the lie of the ball is on fluffy grass, resulting the ball to pop up more quickly than anticipated, it is a flier lie.

Quacker: A shot curving abruptly and sharply from right to left with regards to a right-handed golfer. It also is a betting game. It is positioned so to face a player making an attempt to play out of the bunker onto the green or towards it.

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Lie Angle: The angle which is developed between the center of the shaft and the ground line of the club during the time when the club is soled in appropriate playing position, is the lie angle.

Mid Iron: Mid Iron is a vintage counterpart of contemporary 2-iron golf clubs.

Play Through: When a faster group of players is given the permission to pass a slower group of players on golf course, it is called play through.

Ball Striker: Each golfer is a ball striker. The pattern and shape of these dimples affects the flight of the ball.

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Splashies: This is a side bet which a golfer wins on accomplishing a par on hole even though he has hit it into water.

Medal Play: A round of golf where the score is based on the number of strokes counted is called a medal play.

Handicap Index: A numeral, to one decimal place, representing a golfer’s ability to score is called a handicap index.

Center of Gravity: The point located in the head of the golf club, where it would be perfectly balanced is called the center of gravity.

Inside the Leather: This refers to a measurement employed to determine whether the putt is a gimmie. A golfer holing a shot from off the green, wins by default.

Umbrella or Umbrella Game: For teams of two under a foursome format, this is either a golf game or a side bet. The first means that around two inches above the level of sand, in a bunker, there is a rim of sod. So the name odds and evens.

Lie: Lie refers, firstly to the stationary condition of a golf ball. This is a general understanding of the term, but it is also used as to refer to a game opposite of No Alibis.

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Flex: Flex is the rating of the ability of shaft to bend while the golf club is being swung.

Lone Ranger: Lone ranger is a tournament format where one player in each four is labeled as the lone ranger