Thousands arrested in Asia soccer gambling raids

Interpol said the operation, which ran from June 11 to July 11, was aimed at gambling linked to organised crime gangs. Interpol said the operation, which ran from June 11 to July 11, was aimed at gambling linked to organised crime gangs. Over 5,000 people were arrested and nearly $10 million was seized Interpol said on Friday. REUTERS/Interpol/Handout more

Friday, July 16, 2010.

Friday, July 16, 2010


Interpol released July 16, 2010 this undated photo which shows cash and equipment that were seized in Hong Kong during an operation targeting illegal soccer gambling in Asia during the World Cup. REUTERS/Interpol/Handout

Interpol released July 16, 2010 this undated photo which shows cash and equipment that were seized in Hong Kong during an operation targeting illegal soccer gambling in Asia during the World Cup. Over 5,000 people were arrested and nearly $10 million was seized Interpol said on Friday

New Yorker’s David Remnick Defends Lena Dunham and the ‘Jewish-Comic Tradition’

I don’t mind if one reader or another didn’t find the piece funny. But considering all the real hatred and tragedy in the world, the people getting exercised about the so-called anti-Semitism of this comic piece, like those who railed at Philip Roth a generation or two ago, are, with respect, howling in the wrong direction.”

. Richard Pryor and Chris Rock do the same about black stereotypes; Amy Schumer does it with women and gender. Anyone who has ever heard Lenny Bruce or Larry David or Sarah Silverman or who has read ‘Portnoy’s Complaint’ knows that. People can differ on that. Lena Dunham, who is Jewish and hugely talented, is a comic voice working in that vein. New Yorker’s David Remnick Defends Lena Dunham and the ‘Jewish-Comic Tradition’ | Mediaite

“The Jewish-comic tradition is rich with the mockery of, and playing with, stereotypes

Encore Racing Based Games Announces Entry Into Historic Horse Racing Market

12, 2015 /PRNewswire/ – Encore Racing Based Games (RBG) announced today that it is entering the Historic Horse Racing market as a systems, platform, totalizator, and game provider.  HHR is the fast-paced electronic form of horse race wagering based on previously run races. 

“In addition to electronic gamers, traditional handicappers will enjoy EncoreRBG games, as they are given the option to study handicapping data for as long as they want before placing a bet on the horse races,” continued Stein.  “The player also has access to on-demand stop-action computer enhanced video replays and Equibase® derived race charts at the conclusion of each event to verify and review the race results.”. 12, 2015

PR Newswire

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“Historic horse racing has the ability to inject significant revenue into the industry, but the product must be competitive and able to provide the best possible customer experience,” commented Reid.  “We recruited the best talent from across the country to develop a historic horse racing system that is exciting, innovative, and technologically second to none.”

To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:

The EncoreRBG system has been tested and verified by Gaming Laboratories International (GLI), an independent game-testing lab that evaluates the vast majority of electronic gaming devices and systems in North America.  An eight month testing process has validated all EncoreRBG tote and pooling functions, verified that all wagers are determined by the outcome of horse races and not any random elements, verified that all wagers are pari-mutuel and do not utilize static pools or payouts, and verified that all reporting and auditing functions are accurate and operational.

The EncoreRBG system will launch with 21 available game titles.  Nine additional game titles have completed the development process and will be introduced in the next six months, with several more titles entering the development and testing phases. 

The EncoreRBG technology will enable rapid advances in the customer product.  “Thanks to our open architecture platform, outside game developers will be able to design new historic horse racing game titles for the EncoreRBG system, an option that is currently unavailable to them,” continued Stein.  “Combining our in-house development with third party game development, I anticipate that racetrack operators will eventually have hundreds of game titles to choose from in order to provide their customers with an unrivaled entertainment experience.”

A key feature of the EncoreRBG system is that it does not use a random number generator, random draws, or other random elements to determine whether players win their wager, the wager payout amount, or any multipliers or bonus awards.  Instead, all of those outcomes are determined strictly by the finishing order of the horse races, and how many finishing positions the player accurately predicts.  In addition, the EncoreRBG system is completely pari-mutuel and does not use static payouts or pools. EncoreRBG is patent-pending for many of its system and method innovations that allow game play to be based solely on the outcome of historic horse races.  One specific feature is the Triple Race Method(TM), which uses three races at once to produce a truly unique handicapping and betting challenge for players.

For more information about the company and the EncoreRBG historic horse racing system, visit, or the EncoreRBG Facebook page.


The EncoreRBG system was designed from the ground up with state of the art features, including a technologically advanced tote server, operating system, and an open architecture platform that will allow outside game developers to create new game titles specifically for the EncoreRBG system.  CEO Ray Reid founded the company to provide the racing industry with a cutting edge product that appeals to both electronic game players and handicappers, attracts new customers and finally allows historic horse racing to fulfill its enormous potential. 

“Customers demand a wide variety of game titles to choose from, and they require constant innovation and fresh new content,” remarked EncoreRBG President Jeremy Stein.  “With our commitment to in-house game development, we will be able to offer at least 30 titles in 2015, with many more on the way.”

BOCA RATON, Fla., Feb.


Luck turning for U.S. casinos

Pennsylvania saw a 4.6 percent increase, and surpassed New Jersey to become the second-largest casino market in the nation after Nevada.

According to the annual survey of casinos by the American Gaming Association, America’s nontribal casinos took in $37.3 billion from gamblers last year, an increase of 4.8 percent over 2011.

The report found that 15 of the 22 states that had commercial casinos last year saw gambling revenues increase, led by Kansas, Maryland, Maine and New York, each of which opened new casinos in 2012. Ohio became the 23rd state with a commercial casino last year.

That figure is certain to increase this year and in the years to come as states begin to offer online gambling. Things are looking up for most of the nation’s commercial casinos, as gambling revenue increased by nearly 5 percent last year and jobs held roughly steady.

“Pennsylvania has been one of the great success stories of our industry in the last few years,” Fahrenkopf said. All Rights Reserved. Resorts World at the Aqueduct Racetrack in New York City took in $672.5 million, and Empire City in Yonkers N.Y. took in $544.7 million.

Delaware, which also is battling a glut of casinos in the mid-Atlantic region, saw its casino revenue fall 4.7 percent to $526.6 million last year. Despite adding a 12th casino, Atlantic City’s revenues fell 8 percent last year to just over $3 billion. gambling activity.

More than 76 million Americans visited a casino last year, and about one third percent of all Americans gambled at one. Fine dining is the most popular nongambling attraction for casino patrons, while more than a quarter of all casino patrons never or rarely gamble when they visit a casino.

The AGA’s figures do not include Indian casinos, which took in $26.1 billion in 2011, the last year for which figures are available, according to the National Indian Gaming Commission. Indiana was down 4 percent, to $2.61 billion.

Employment at the casinos was down less than 1 percent, with about 332,000 people holding jobs.

ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. The city’s casinos continue to fight increased competition in neighboring states and were hurt by the after-effects of Superstorm Sandy, which kept some visitors away for months.

The report also included detailed surveys of gamblers that showed their habits and preferences.

There were more than 853,000 slot machines in use at U.S. Internet gambling represented only 3 percent of U.S. It is hoping that Internet gambling, which it legalized this year, will help rejuvenate the market.

There were 513 commercial casinos last year, up from 492 in 2011. “There’s a price for that, and unfortunately Atlantic City has gotten hit with the price for that. If you live in Pennsylvania you no longer have to drive an hour and 15 minutes to Atlantic City to play the slots.”

Among casino table games, blackjack is the most popular, followed by roulette, poker and craps.. It said last year’s figures will not be available until early summer.

“By almost all measures, our industry is expanding and growing, which is good news for our employees and the communities where they live and work,” said Frank Fahrenkopf, the association’s president.

New Jersey experienced the largest decline in casino revenue. Las Vegas remains the nation’s top gambling market, with more than $6.2 billion in revenue last year.

Playing the lottery remains the most popular form of gambling in America, with just over half of respondents saying they bought a ticket last year.

Casinos paid $8.6 billion in taxes to state and local governments last year, an increase of 8.5 percent.

© 2013 The Associated Press. casinos last year, and casinos in Iowa and South Dakota derived more than 90 percent of their gambling revenue from slots last year.

Philadelphia remained the nation’s top racetrack casino market at $835.3 million. Nevada began doing so last week, New Jersey and Delaware have legalized it but have yet to begin taking bets, and at least 10 other states are considering adding Internet gambling.

New Jersey has seen its casino revenue fall from a high of $5.2 billion in 2006. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

It marked the second-highest total ever, second only to 2007 when casinos took in $37.5 billion just before the Great Recession hit.

Other states that had significant casino revenue increases included Florida, Illinois and South Dakota. It, too, will offer Internet gambling this year

“You can no more win a war than you can win an earthquake.”

The Indo-Pak or the Israel-Palestinian conflicts still continue with wars erupting at the slightest provocation. All of them have come at a price – to humanity, to geopolitical stability, to economic isolation, and have created mistrust and hatred that have persisted long after the wars have been over, or are still prevalent as in Israel-Palestine or North and South Korea conflicts. We need to remember them and their beliefs that the power of peace and non-violence is greater than the power of weapons and wars. A nation and a major part of the world remained separated for decades much after the war was over and the economic disparity between the two sides still remain to this day, nearly six decades after the war is over. Bertrand Russell, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King and other unsung heroes of freedom have advocated peace over the ages. A brother wishing to visit his sister on the other side will need to seek permission from authorities to cross a man-made boundary. A country or town devastated by war or earthquake can be rebuilt, but an earthquake or war can never be won entirely.

To summarize, wars are never about peace, they are about conquering and control. Similarly, earthquakes and other natural disasters need to be researched further so that they are predicted accurately and threat to life and humanity at large minimized to the largest extent possible.. Wars do not end wars, wars beget other wars. It became the precursor to World War-II, which then led to the Cold War and other wars. Similarly, a war may end with a clear victor, but the effects of the war can never be overcome and the scars remain forever.

“You can no more win a war than you can win an earthquake”-Jeanette Rankin

However, Jeanette Rankin’s quote does not necessarily imply that fighting wars against social conditions and dogmas are futile and should not be pursued. Wagering wars against drugs, terrorism, poverty, illiteracy and other evils that still persist in the modern world are as necessary as researching and developing systems to predict earthquakes or other natural disasters well in advance so that lives can be saved and damage to property minimized. The Koreas remain divided to this day in mutual distrust, with families remaining separated by a fence, a line of control drawn arbitrarily between the two nations. Iraq, Syria, Ukraine and Afghanistan are grim reminders that wars can never be won. The quote does not imply that we need not do anything about wars or earthquakes since they can never be won. The World War-I slogan that it was a war to end all wars was proven completely false. Instead, we need to put in place systems and checks where wars do not happen, through proper negotiations and greater understanding of each other. An earthquake is a natural disaster and cannot be prevented, similar to a war where there are no winners and which is as futile as fighting an earthquake. They still persist, in one garb or the other.

I agree with Jeanette Rankin’s quote. Though one might survive an earthquake, the devastation that follows can never be avoided. World War-II had similar effects, where there were no clear victors.

Historically, World War-I, II, the Korea or Vietnam wars, or the present-day Israel-Palestine conflict still have no clear victors. Wars can never be won, similar to earthquakes that also can never be won

Earthquakes at best can be detected prior to their first tremors, but they simply can’t be won

绿地“万达秀” GClub“触网”助力去地产化转型_证券之星


































Golf Terminology – Glossary of Golf Terms

The male scratch golfer hits his tee shots an average of 250 yards and can reach a 470-yard hole in two shots. There are essentially three players in this game. If you do not include this in golf terms, then the whole glossary of golf terms is useless.

Medalist: To put it in least complex words, it means the winner of a medal play or stroke play in any golf tournament.

Army Golf: Army golf is a slang amongst the golf terms. Here, the golfer will putt out, culminating the end of the hole.

Outside Path: Outside path is that path of the club when the golf club is outside the plane.

Par: Basically, it is the standard number of scores which a scratch player is expected to finish a course or a hole.

Upright: A steep or a very upright, vertical swing plane, lie angle or stance is referred to as upright.

USGA: This is an abbreviation of United States Golf Association.

Cut Line: The score indicating the point of division in a tournament between the golfers who will continue and those who will be cut from the field

Open Face: The position of the clubface in connection with the target line at the moment of the striking of the ball is called an open face.

Bogey Rating: According to the United States Golf Association, bogey rating refers to the evaluation of difficulty level or rating of the golf course with regards to boogie golfers.

Mashie Iron: Mashie Iron is an archaic phrase or golf word for a 4-iron.

No Alibis: This refers to a game of mulligans, which can be used from any spot or point on the golf course.

Square Club Face: When you say it is a square clubface, it means that the club face is in a position perpendicular to the swing path.

Loft: Not to go too much into technicalities, loft provides you with a cue as to how high and how far will the golf ball go. These are a regular feature of links-category of golf courses.

Chicago: This is again a golf game format, based on beginning of rounds by golfers with negative points.

Yank: A shot which severely swerves in the left direction of the target line in connection with a right-handed player is called a yank.

Yellow Ball: Yellow Ball is just a different word for Lone Ranger or Pink Ball or Money Ball.

Bermudagrass: In the tropical and warm climates, this is the most common turf used by courses.

Best Ball: This is one of the most popular golf tournament formats, where the low score or the best hit of a team is considered to be its team score. It is basically par 3.

Pitch Mark: This is the same as ball mark.


Bore-Through: A bore through is termed to the situation where the shaft goes in the club head, penetrating till the sole of the club.

Aeration: Aeration basically is a golf terminology hinting towards the aeration of soil. This basically means that a player is hitting the ball all over the park, in different direction.


Split Tees: In the condition where half of the field in a golf tournament begins at the tee which is number 1 and the other half begins on the tee no.10.


Split Fairway: A single fairway branching out in a couple of different fairways reaching and opening out in the same green is called a split fairway.

Approach Wedge: Another name for gap wedge, approach wedge is a name for a golf club which has a high loft. Here, the golfer will putt out, culminating the end of the hole.

Frequency Matching: The process whereby it is ensured that the shaft vibrations of all clubs in a particular set, when struck, match in frequency, is called frequency matching.

Albatross: Three under par on any hole is called a double eagle in the USA. You had a great swing and you are elated. It also includes all the trees for that particular hole.

Whiff: Any golfer would be embarrassed with a whiff, which means that the golfer swung but to no avail. A stymie was supposed to occur in a condition when another ball was placed straight in the putting line of a golfer’s ball.

Over Par: It denotes any score, be it for a completed round or for an individual hole, which is above the decided par for that round.

Ambrose Competition: Ambrose Competition is a golf tournament format where every player tees off, the best of them is selected. It is also called a tester.

Bowmaker: A golf tournament format, popular in the United Kingdom, bowmaker involves team members playing their own balls and a specific number of the members of the team score count on every hole.

Bramble: Again, a golf format, it involves golfers teeing off and ultimately the best of the shot or drive is selected.

Gimmie: A kind of putt, where a player a requests that it be conceded by another player, which then allows the one requesting for that to pick up and move on, as if the putt has been holed.

Clubhead: A part of the golf club which is attached to the end of the shaft is called the club head.

Pitching Niblick: Primarily a historical golf club, with a short wooden shaft, which lead to it being an obvious choice for short approaches and chipping. It refers to the golfer’s ability in full swing.

Looping: The way the caddies use the word loop, to give a description of their circuit around a golf course is called looping.

Pinehurst (Pinehurst System): This is the same as chapman system which is a 2-person golf tournament format. Basically it involves the use of string by players to get the ball out of the rough or a bunker.

Committee: It refers to the rules committee or the local committee which lays down the basic rules of golf.

Waste Bunker: Not a hazard under rules of golf, unless specified, a waste bunker refers to a sandy area, normally expansive. It is basically the angle where the face of the club is, in relation to a perfectly vertical face.

Hit It Flush: This is as same as Flush.

Holed: This is the situation where the ball is at rest in the cup and it is below the lip of the hole. This is because the points are given on the basis of their scores in linkage with a fixed score at each hole.

Mutt and Jeff: The side bet or golf tournament format where the spotlight is on par-3′s and par-5′s only, is called Mutt and Jeff.

Skins/Skins Game: This stages players in a kind of match play where each hole is allotted a set value. That means, he swung and it missed the ball. One of the golf side bets is also called honors.

Captain’s Choice: This is just another name for golf tournament format called scramble.


GHIN An acronym for Golf Handicap and Information Network, GHIN is a service by the USGA allowing golfers and golf clubs to access and post information electronically. So in short it means the fairways and the rough.

Crown: The top surface of the clubhead, the part you can see when looking down at address, called the crown.


Stimp: When you say the stimp of the green, it refers to the measurement of how fast the greens are, with the help of a stimpmeter.



Forced Carry: A situation which needs a golfer to hit his shot above a hazard to advance his ball is a forced carry.

Condor: An extremely rare triple eagle is called a Condor.

Contour: It refers to the undulations in a putting green. It then moves to the left of the target before gently turning or rather curving back towards right. For instance, ‘Kick Left’ or ‘Kick Right’.

Kickpoint: A point or spot along the length of the shaft, where it presents the maximum amount of bend when you pull the tip down. It is also called the Mulligan.


Hog: This is a betting game, akin to Defender, but has an added twist.

Double Eagle: A score of three under par on any individual hole is called a double eagle in golf terminology.

Movable Obstruction: An obstruction which can be moved without a herculean effort, sans delaying the play unnecessarily or leading to a damage is called a movable obstruction.

Underclub: When such a club is used which is incapable of providing adequate distance for reaching the target, it is called underclub.

Foot Wedge: When a golfer cheats his way out of trouble using a club, it is in slang called foot wedge. Or sometimes it is so close to the ground that it appears that it has skimmed the ground.

Topped Shot or Top: Such a shot where the golfer almost swings over the ball and the point of contact between the ball and the club is near the crown of the golf ball.

X-Out: In golfing terminology, X-outs or X-out golf balls are those golf balls on which the brand name has been distorted, using the symbol X. This is best played by partners who have similar level of expertise or golfers who use full handicaps.

Bail Out: Bail out is playing your ball away from a potential hazard to a safe area

Thirty-Two: A side bet for the golfers focusing on putting, with a challenge from a golfer to another for preventing a three-putt is called thirty two.

Square Face: The position of the clubface in relation to the line of target at the moment of contact where the club strikes the ball is called a square.


Defender: Betting Game or points game in which a member of the group for each hole is labeled as the defender of that hole. This is one of the most basic golf terms.

Callaway System: A kind of golf format, Callaway system is used in events where in maximum golfers do not have real handicap indexes. In reverse scramble it is the opposite, the worst of the tee balls is chosen.

Snap Hook: This is another name for quacker.

Putter: A club which has a slight face or very little loft, is called a putter. It is really embarrassing for the golfer as it might appear that he or she does not know how to hit a golf ball.

Torque: The resistance of a shaft towards twisting when a golf club is being swung is the torque.

Blast: A kind of shot which results in lot of sand flying, along with the ball out of the bunker of a sand trap is called a blast. They follow this by playing out the hole with these balls.

Aircraft Carrier: A long, flat and rectangular teeing ground, normally a few feet higher above the level of the turf around, is called an aircraft carrier. It is named after a renowned golf club designer, Ralph Maltby.

Maraging Steel: It is a type of steel alloy, (harder than normal steel) which is sometimes used to make irons.

Play It Again, Sam: This refers to another name for No Alibis were the initial handicaps are converted into mulligans. The first means that around two inches above the level of sand, in a bunker, there is a rim of sod. It is primarily a wooden-shafted historical golf club.

Nicklauses: Nicklauses is a side bet in which the long drive on each hole wons automatically, but the drive must be in the fairway.

Bail-Out Area: An area designed or meant for serving as the target for shorter or weaker players during the playing of risky shot by stronger players is called bail out area.

Push: Push is a ball flight which starts on the right of the line of the target and retains that direction straight ahead and winds up keeping the target well to the right, for a right-hander.

Bogey: Bogey is a score of one or more on par over individual hole.

Medal Play: A round of golf where the score is based on the number of strokes counted is called a medal play.

Water Hole: When a hole on the golf course features water, which is in a position that it compels the golfer to play over it for the completion of a hole, it is called a water hole.


Grip: The sheath of leather, plastic or rubber on the shaft is termed as grip.

Push Slice: This is similar to push, where the ball starts moving right of the target and then bends or curves even more.

Mashie: A pre 20th century golf club, with a wooden shaft closely similar to the contemporary 5-iron is a Mashie.

Break: The allusion to the amount the path of the ball curves when putt or, the level of curvature or slope of the greens is called ‘Break’.

Grain: On a golf course, the direction in which the grass, or to be specific every single blade of grass is growing is called the grain.

Grass Bunker: This is a depression on the golf course which is filled up with grass instead of sand. In case the golfer has club using different colors, or gets more than 3 tee boxes, the golfer can consider it as Forward, Middle and Back Tournament.

Cart Path: The designated route or the route exclusively to be followed by carts is the cart path.

Executive Course: A golf course which mainly has par 3 and relatively short par 4 holes is called an executive course..

Golf Buggy: This is the same as Buggy.

Shazam: It is a golf bet and an exclusively putting oriented bet at that. Such a player usually bets getting up and down in a couple of strokes.

Cut: Cut in relation to golf means a shot which is a controlled fade or reduction of a field where a tournament is going to be played.

Tombstone: Tombstone is better known by the name of Flags, a tournament format. In this grip, the little finger (of the hand placed lower on the club) is placed between the index and middle finger of the lead (placed higher on the club). They are called counterparts on account of their loft and the purpose of swing they serve.

Club Face: The clubface is the part of the golf club which strikes the golf ball at impact.

System 36: This is a single day handicapping method or rather system, resembling in character and operation to Callaway and Peoria. On the other hand, some golfers and golf instructors consider shutting the club face as hooding.


Short Side: This makes a reference to the position of the ball in connection to the location or placement of the cup on the green. Blast Out is another name for blast.

TPC: Tournament Players Club- (TPC) is a designation given to golf courses and courses with this designation are under the ownership of the PGA tour.

Signature Hole: It is mostly a marketing gimmick used by golf courses to entice golfers. The aim is to gain highest number of points in a round, but there is a catch. The thumb of the lead hand ideally in this situation should fit snugly in the lifeline of the hand placed lower on the club. In addition to this, a county-owned golf course is also termed as municipal course. It is vice versa for a left hander.


Flier: A shot which travels a distance not needed, which often leads the golfer to overshoot the target considerably is called a flier.

Lateral Water Hazard: It is impossible to drop behind this hazard because it runs alongside the playing area ad not across it. This is called a lunch ball. It is positioned so to face a player making an attempt to play out of the bunker onto the green or towards it.

Alternate Fairway: A golf hole offering two fairways is referred to as having an alternate fairway.

Double Cut (or Double Cut Green) Double cut refers to mowing of the green which has been done twice.

Touch: The feel or the sensitivity towards golf shots and the overall flow of a golfer’s stroke play.

Preferred Lies: Here on certain parts of a golf course, golfers are permitted to get their lies in a better position sans penalty. So for instance a golfer with a handicap of 5 is better than one with a handicap of 20.

Step Aside Scramble: Florida scramble is also known as step aside. It is either a match play tournament or betting game.

Pin High: The term describing the depth to which a golfer has placed his approach shot on the green is called pin high.


Pivot: During the swing the upper body of a golfer turns and coils a bit. It means the same as it generally means. This can be a tournament format or a betting game.

Heather: This is an all-inclusive golf terminology for tall and thin grasses skirting the primary rough.

Pitch or Pitch Shot: When a shot is played using a highly lofted club, which is precisely made in a way that it goes a short distance with a high trajectory, it is termed as pitch shot.

False Front: The part of the green which slopes downwards in the direction of the fairway is called the false front. Here, every time, a hole is won by a player, the opponent has the chance to opt for a single club form his bag, which will lead to the elimination of that club from the course of play.

Eliminator: This is basically a tournament format for teams with 4 members. Here the team handicap plays an important role.

Golf Club: It has the same meanings as club.


Handicap: It is the numerical representation of a golfer’s skill and ability. The soil on the greens which has been compacted by the traffic of golfers, is opened up by punching of holes and removal of dirt.


Invitational: Here, the golfers who are going to compete, be there on an invitation issued to them or they are automatically qualified for an invitation.

These terms will help the beginners to know more on golf and will be a kind of beginners guide to golf.

Pink Lady: Pink Lady is also known as Money Ball, Lone Ranger, Pink Ball or Yellow Ball. In other words, that one player plays against the other 3.

Wolfman: This is a betting game, akin to a few others like Hog, Defender and so on. Then add the remaining and the person who has the lowest score is the winner.

Par or Out: A game where full handicaps are used involving golfers with low handicap is a par out. A great ball striker is a golfer who is excellent at full swing.

Double Bogey: A score on an individual hole which is a couple of strokes more than par.

Am-Am: Well, this is for the new or upcoming kids on the block. It is the distance from the bottom of the grip till the clubhead of the putter.

Disaster: It is a points game where the winner is the one who has collected the minimum points as points are given for bad shots.

Yellowsomes: Gruesomes is also called Yellowsomes sometimes, and it is 2-person team game which serves as a tournament format as well as a betting game.

Bentgrass: This is the favored grass choice in any climate in which it can be grown.

Lie Angle: The angle which is developed between the center of the shaft and the ground line of the club during the time when the club is soled in appropriate playing position, is the lie angle.

Even/Even Par: A score which matches par for a round or a hole is called even.

Ball Washer: A device normally kept besides tee boxes to clean the golf balls is called a ball washer.

Golf Terminology for Beginners

Undulation: The ups and downs and uneven contour in the ground, mainly with regards to putting green and fairways is called undulation.

Backweight: Any weight attached to the back of the head of golf club is referred to a back weight.

Bogey Golfer: A golfer averaging around 90 or a boogie per hole is termed as boogie golfer.

Punchbowl Green: A green below is fairway level surrounded by a mound, leading the golf balls to be funneled down to the putting surface is called punch bowl green.

Las Vegas: No confusions here, this is not what you thought it is (were you thinking about casinos by any chance?). This is for a right-handed golfer.

Amen Corner: The mecca of golf lovers and golf players- Augusta National Golf Club has holes 11, 12 and 13. The nicknames of these holes is Amen Corner. Dick Chapman, one of the great amateur golfers, thought of this format at Pinehurst Resort, so the name.

Face Angle: Face angle is the angle of the face of the club head in relation to the target.

Facing: When there is a grassy incline, coming up out of the bunker in the green’s direction. That one player has the onus to come through for the team, so he or she is called the lone ranger.

Long Iron: These are long-shafted, steep-faced normally numbering from 1 to 4 long distance irons.

Slice: Slice is the ball trajectory in which the ball bends towards outside, sharply in connection with the swing.

Irons: One of the 3 subsets (woods, iron and putter) included in a full golf set, irons are clubs which are most used from the spot of the fairway. However, this is different from the set of points than the rule book norms.

Hogan’s Alley: A nickname of two golf courses, accompanied by the official name of one of those golf holes associated with Ben Hogan. Interestingly, these are sold at a rate with a huge discount than the regular price of that brand.


Toe: The end of the clubhead which is the farthest from the shaft or the hosel or the neck is called the toe.

Club: Golf club, the term is used to denote the tool used to strike the golf ball, or a golfing facility or golf course and finally an association or a group of golfers.

Hook: Hook is the flight or trajectory of the ball which commences with the golf ball out to right before sharply curving to the left, while it misses its target to left.

Winter Rules: This is nothing but synonym for preferred lies.

Chip-in: A chip shot that ends up dropping in the hole is called a chip in.

Three Ball: Three Ball means that each player has two matches to play in a round of golf. This is system basically for tournaments.

Ball Flight: It refers to the trajectory of a golf ball which has been struck and is in mid-air.

Out-of-Bounds: The areas outside a golf course from where no one is permitted to play is termed as out of bound in the glossary of golf terms.

Tight Lie: A lie where the ball is in a place or spot where there is very little grass below the ball, or the ball is on bare dirt, is called a tight lie.

Heel: The spot where the clubhead is attached to the spot, it is called the heel.

Big Dog: This is a slang for a ‘driver’.


Course: Of course, it is the golf course, but according to the technical definition, it also means the whole area where play is permitted. According to the USGA, a scratch golfer is defined as – “An amateur player who plays to the standard of the stroke play qualifiers competing in the United States Amateur Championship. T and F are of special importance in this kind of a tournament.

Tap In: Tap is another name for ‘gimme’, which refers to a sure shot short putt.

Range Ball: Those balls which are used only on driving range, marked to distinguish them from the regular balls are called range balls.

Lay Up: When a golfer opts to go for a shorter hit, to avoid a hazard or position the ball in a specific spot in spite of having the skill and capacity to hit full swing, it is a lay up.

Shaft: That part of the club which goes all the way uptill the top of a golf club, into the grip till the clubhead is called a shaft.

Scratch Golfer: A scratch golfer is the one who shoots par or better. Four player teams play scramble, but the player whose ball is selected for both the shots, cannot play the next stroke.

Cup: Simply put, it is a synonym for a hole on the putting green, where the golfer aims his ball at.

Money Ball: Money Ball is another term for Lone Ranger.

Teeing Ground: The spot from where the golfers start playing for a hole, from where a golfer hits his tee shot or drive.

Driver: One of the standard golf clubs carried by golfers is the driver.

Driving Range: Just like a shooting range where you practice shooting, driving range is a practice facility found at almost all golf courses.

Flier Lie: When the lie of the ball is on fluffy grass, resulting the ball to pop up more quickly than anticipated, it is a flier lie.

Stance: Stance is the way the golfers stand or position their feet before they play a stroke.

Loft: Not to go too much into technicalities, loft provides you with a cue as to how high and how far will the golf ball go. These are not counted as hazards according to the golf rules.

Hacker: Hacker is another name for duffer, although, hacker applies to an individual golfer as an insult. Golfers in this format are awarded points depending on their performance on each hole with the winner being the one having highest point total. Flange is the thin strip of metal sitting along the ground.

Spade Mashie: A pre-20th century golf club, this is closely linked to today’s 6-irons.

Splashies: This is a side bet which a golfer wins on accomplishing a par on hole even though he has hit it into water.

One-Putt: Top hole the ball, when just a single or one putt is taken, it is called one putt.


Dots: It is a well-known game of golf played between members of the same grouping. Named after great Harry Vardon, this is one of the most well-known golf grips. One plays the other’s drive and vice versa.

Push: Push is the opposite of pull. So he or she is ‘in the bucket.’


Attack Wedge: Attack Wedge is the same as gap wedge or approach wedge. It is imperative for a golfer to be considered at his or her address to ensure that the club is grounded..

Nearest Point of Relief: In the condition where there is an hurdle as a result of an immovable obstruction or abnormal ground conditions, the golfers are permitted to drop without penalty a distance equivalent to a club length of the nearest point of relief.

Double Green: A green big enough that it serves as green for two different cups on the golf course.

Shoot Out: It is a tournament format which fields 19 players who are eliminated one by one at each hole, till there is one remaining.

Jack and Jill: This a type of golf tournament where one woman and one man are paired together to form a two person team.

Jail: It is the position of the ball where it cannot be struck or advanced. So the name odds and evens.

Pop: A handicap stroke is called Pop sometimes.

Cross Bunker: This is a kind of a bunker which is positioned in such a way that it runs crossing the line of the play in the fairway.

Ball Mark: Also called the pitch mark, ball mark is the indentation made by a ball upon landing on the green.

Irish Four Ball: Very well-known in Australia, Irish Four Ball has a team of golfers who play their ball throughout and use a Stableford or a Modified Stableford scoring system.

Pin: This is a synonym for flagstick. This is also called the skulled shot.

Lone Ranger: Lone ranger is a tournament format where one player in each four is labeled as the lone ranger. Here both the teams tee off and then the best drive is chosen, followed by alternate shot to the hole.

Dogleg: The direction of the individual golf hole is termed as dogleg.

Round Robin: It denotes a game of golf played best when there are groups of four golfers. He also responds to a golfer’s queries.

Swing Speed: The speed of the swing of a golfer’s club which is defined by the speed of the club head at the point of impact with the ball.

Knife: This is just another word for a one iron.

Hosel Rocket: A slang term for shank, hosel rocket is a kind of shot where the hosel is the point of contact between the golf ball and the golf club.


Scotch Foursomes: Most of the time, Scotch Foursomes is just a synonym for Foursomes. It is also a side bet where there is a competition involving groups of four, like in Foursomes or in a fourball.

Windcheater: A shot that is hardly affected by wind, as it has low ball flight and is penetrating.

Interlock or Interlocking Grip: This is a kind of golf grip where hands are locked together by locking or intertwining the little finger of the trailing hand with index finger of the top hand.

In the Bucket: Another name for Eliminator, it is a kind of best ball competition where in every fourth hole, one player’s score must count as the team score. Am-Am simply means a game where there is a pair of a couple of amateurs- Am-Am, with ‘Am’ meaning short for amateur.

Lag or Lag Putt: A putt which is meant to stop tantalizingly close to the hole but not expected to be holed is a lag putt.

Last Man Standing: This is another name for ‘Flags’ format, where the winner is the one who progresses farthest round the course by the time he or she finishes with their allotted quota of strokes.

Golf Cart: This is a gas or electrically powered vehicle used to transport golfers and their golf bags on the golf course. Another meaning of divot is the chipped off area in the fairway, where the turf existed.

Buggy: It helps carry a golfer’s bag of clubs around the course or it is also referred to as a passenger golf cart. Here an individual golfer or a team can compare scores on their scorecard, while choosing the lower of two scores, leading to 9-hole total score.

Green in Regulation (GIR): Amateurs and recreational players use this statistical method for rating their rounds.


Clubhouse: When the golfers arrive at the golf course, they first head to the club house which contains a small food and drink service.

Transition: The condition where a backswing is converted into a downswing, it is called Transition.

Gorse: British links courses are often lined with this thick rough, often prickly and similar to shrubbery called Gorse.

Modified Pinehurst: It is a golf format for two player teams. A golfer is allowed to use putter along with the three chosen golf clubs, but no golf clubs.

Elevated Green: It denotes a green, which is elevated and therefore, it is higher than the area around it.

Lie: Lie refers, firstly to the stationary condition of a golf ball. It also refers to the trajectory of a golf ball which has been struck and is in mid air.


Yips: When the golfer is nervous or anxious, it leads to nervous twitching during putting stroke, leading to an inaccurate shot. It is basically a collection of side bets.

Cart Jockey: They are the caretakers of the course’s fleet of golf carts.

Flex: Flex is the rating of the ability of shaft to bend while the golf club is being swung.


Back Nine: As the name suggests, these are last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course. A machine leads to removal of plugs from the green,which leaves a hole which ensures that the roots get air and moisture.

Marshal: Just like we say marshaling the resources, marshal in golf is a person who manages the crowd and patrols a golf course, while keeping a steady pace of the play. Vardon Overlap is interchangeably used with Vardon Grip.


Effective Playing Length: Effective playing length is the yardage of the golf course and the holes in it but it is adjusted for the terrain. The female scratch golfer can hit her tee shots an average of 210 yards and can reach a 400-yard hole in two shots”.

Q School: It is the Professional Golfers Association (PGA) Tour’s yearly qualifying tournament.

Mulligan: Mulligan is nothing but a lunch ball with a different name. This, however, has a twist. It starts moving in the left of the target, eventually bending very sharply back to the right of the particular target. It is the exact and perfect contact between the club head and the golf ball, while the club is in full swing. It is the easiest golf bets and is all about how well do you know the game.

Compression: The rating of the density of a golf ball is called a compression.

Wolf: Wolf is a name for a betting game best played among groups of four players. It is also sometimes called ‘Acey Ducey’. Back Tees: The tees at the extreme rear of a golf course are the back tees.

Foursomes: This is another name for alternate shot.


Tee Time: The scheduled, decided time for a particular group or team to begin their round is referred to Tee Time.

Divot: It refers to the scraping off the turf top as a result of shots from the fairway using an iron. Then the ball is played from the spot it has come to rest, without any penalties.

Target Line: This term describes the line from the ball to its target, or just simply, line of play.

Utility Wood: This is a kind of fairway wood, having varied lofts sole or head shape and has some characteristics similar or related to irons.

Eagle: When there is a score of a couple of strokes less to par on any individual hole, it is an eagle.

Eclectic: This is a multi-round golf tournament that ends up with one 18-hole score for each player.

Chip or Chip Shot: Chip shot is played very close to the green and is normally within a few yards of the putting area. Starting off with 36 holes, the players then compare their scorecards. Sometimes in abbreviated form, a municipal course is called Muni.


Spoon: This is an antique term for lofted wood or 3-wood golf club.


Flags: In flags, which is a competition format, golfers start their round with a certain number of strokes and then until they consume their strokes, they keep on playing.

Stroke Play: It is a round of golf where the score is calculated by addition of cumulative total of the strokes which were needed throughout that round.

Stymie: A vintage aspect of golf, which was a part of singles match play till 1952, after which it was removed from the Rules of Golf. A-wedge is another name for gap wedge or approach wedge.

Baffie: It is the name of a wooden shafted pre-20th century golf club.

Quota Tournament: Quota Tournament is a game which has a structure similar to Chicago. In this format, the tombstone term signifies the object placed in the ground on the spot where the golfer’s round comes to an end.

Mouth Wedge: The golfers who incessantly talk to their opponents in order to disturb their game are termed as using a mouth wedge.

Under Par: Under par simply means not up to the par. Then, out of them, the best is selected and the players carry on until the ball is holed.

Course Rating: Course rating is the evaluation of the difficulty level of the course for scratch golfers.

Skull or Skulled Shot: To skull the ball means to have the impact of the ball with the leading edge of the iron. While the golfer is struggling with his shots, it is called bleeding.


Equitable Stroke Control: Equitable Stroke Control or ESC is a method for minimizing the effects of disaster holes on handicap indexes and this system is used by the USGA.

Course Handicap: Number that tells golfers the number of strokes they are permitted to take during a handicap round.



Hand Wedge: When a golfer breaks the rules by picking up the ball and moves it to a better spot for an easier next stroke, it is called a hand wedge. Well. Those who swear by these golf clubs, say that they provide accuracy and variety when it comes to short shots.

Texas Scramble:Teas scramble is different from original in the sense that it has a condition that at least four drives of every member of a team should be used in the course of a round.

Maltby Playability Factor: This is a rating system attempting to rank golf clubs on the criteria that how easy or difficult they are for differently skilled golfers to play. It then moves to the left of the target before gently turning or rather curving back towards right. In a scotch foursome, it might mean that the alternate shots are considered and carried over from a hole to another.

Stableford: This is a format of the golf tournament where the aim is to achieve the highest score. Here, two-member teams hit the same ball alternately.

Alternate Tees: A golf hole is said to have alternate tees when there are two different sets of tee boxes built on that same hole.

Derby: It is a tournament having a field of 19 players and is better known as Shoot Out.


Pick Up Sticks: Bag Raid, which is another name for pick up sticks is a game contested by two players. Dimples are indentations covering a golf ball. In case of cities, the cities with a whole gamut of golf courses is a golf town.

Collection Area: This is a depression on the side of the green and its position, often merged with the contours of the green leads to the collection of many approach shots.

Uphill Lie: There are times when a ball stops moving on an uphill slope which is towards the target. Hooding the club has two different meaning for different golfers. It is also a side bet.

Alignment: It is the position of the hips, shoulders and feet in a proper alignment with each other.

Alternate Greens: Just like alternate fairway, when a golf hole has two separate greens, it is termed as alternate greens.

Three Blind Mice: This refers to a tournament format, where after the scorecards are given, the organizers of the tournament draw three holes at random from the course which has just ended. That is the line of putt. Then they select the better scores made on each hole and after adding up, whoever has the lowest score wins.

Par: Basically, it is the standard number of scores which a scratch player is expected to finish a course or a hole.

Par is Your Partner: This refers to a rule or stipulation in tournament which restricts a team’s or player’s optimum score on every hole to a net par.

Away: The player whose ball is the farthest from the hole whether in a fairway or a green is called being ‘away’. This is for a right-handed golfer. They specialize in great golf clubs, and their components.

Bridge: It is a golf game requiring accurate interpretation of your golf skills and limitations.

Sod: It means the grass on the turf and the soil it is rooted in which can be planted as a separate piece on the golf course. His job is to achieve the lowest score as possible on the hole, while the others will try to beat him.

Demo Day: An event usually held at a driving range or a practice facility, where the golfers present get the chance to have a go at golf clubs. It is also called a snapper, duck hook or snap hook.

Quail High: Quail high refers to a very low trajectory shot.

Fade: It is the trajectory of the ball or its flight, on the spot where the golf ball comes off from the face of the club. For cricketers, this is something close to the phrase ‘middle of the bat’.

Perimeter Weighting: The distribution of weight in a clubhead, in very uniform manner around the club by adding more weight to the heel, sole and toe.

Whack and Hack: Whack and Hack is a four-person teams’ tournament format. The golfer’s job is done post this situation.

Downhill Lie: The angle which is caused by a golf ball placed on a sloping hill, mostly downward.

The Train: This is a betting game best played in groups where points are given for good shots. Here, points are given for an accomplishment out of five and in case a side sweeps all the points, they are said to have scored umbrella, with points being doubled.

Cut Shot: A kind of controlled golf shot where a fadeball flight is induced by the golfer.

English: A betting game or a score-oriented competition played between groups of 3.

Gross (Gross Score): It is the total number of strokes played in around of golf including penalty strokes.

Bump and Run: Usually played from approximately the same distance you would possibly play a pitch shot, bump and run is an approach shot to the green.

Appearances: The side teeing off first on each hole is considered to be an honor and there is a golf side bet according to these criteria. In other sense, it is a synonym for Barkies or Woddies and Arnies.

Work the Ball: In short, manipulating a ball, and to purposefully curve or shape a shot is called ‘to work the ball’.

Strike Three: This is a betting game or a tournament format. Here, players get rotational partners at every 6th hole.


Muscleback: Iron with a full back of the clubhead, rather than a cavity back iron is called muscleback.

Casual Water: Temporary accumulation of water on golf course is termed as casual water.

Center Cut: This term is used to denote the golf shots which are well struck and which traveled very nicely down the middle.

Ball Marker: This object is used to mark the spot where the ball is lifted on the putting green.

Ground Under Repair: This means exactly what it implies to be, that the ground is under repair by the maintenance crew.

Progressive Offset: The quantity or amount of offset which changes from club to club, throughout the sets, especially iron sets, is called progressive offset.

Honest John: This in golf terms refers to a side bet which puts at stake your prediction powers. The ball is then played from the spot it is according to the best shot. The iron one is similar to modern 1 iron and the wooden resembles today’s 4-wood.

Postage stamp: A green having a particularly small surface are indicating or posing a demanding target.


Ball Retriever: It is a tool, which is by default carried by players who hit their ball in the water a lot of times. All scores on each of those three holes are tabulated and then that score is eliminated from the total score. This continues till the ball gets holed. The other meaning refers to the edge or rim of the hole or cup.

Triples: This is the name of the competition amongst players in teams of three. The pattern and shape of these dimples affects the flight of the ball.

Pro Shop: This is either at the golf course, in the clubhouse where the golfers pay the green fees and golf merchandise is for sale; or a separate entity or to be more specific, business selling only golf merchandise.

Stop the Bleeding: If a player is playing in a pathetic manner with bad shots going all over the park, the golfer needs to hit a fantastic shot to get a grip on the game again. ‘Away’ player plays first.

Waggle: You could call this as a warm up of sorts for the golf club. Disaster is another name for Trouble.

Ball in Play: This just means that the ball has not been holed and you are still having a go at it.

Knee Knocker: Knee Knocker refers to a short putt, which somehow, is not at all challenging, but it is also not a ‘Gimme’ at the same time. It’s basically a long pole with a scoop.

Powerball: Sometimes used a synonym for scramble, it actually refers to the fact that the tournament is a scramble, but with a twist.

Out: Out in golf terminology is another name for away.

Shamble: A golf tournament which brings together aspects of scramble tournament format and strokeplay is called shamble.

Shank: Mis-hit, which is so bad that the golfer makes the contact of the ball with any other part of a golf club other than the clubface.

Moment of Inertia: The golfing terminology used to describe a clubhead’s resistance towards twisting when the ball is hit.

Inside the Leather: This refers to a measurement employed to determine whether the putt is a gimmie. Then the ball is hit once again from the same spot. The word tract is sometimes used to denote track, but track is the correct word.

Seve: A golfer wins a seve, which is a side bet, only after he accomplishes par by hitting into the incorrect fairway. It is meant to putt or roll the ball on ground.

Shotgun Start: This is one of the methods to start off a tournament where all the players tee off at the same time. A golfer holing a shot from off the green, wins by default.

Umbrella or Umbrella Game: For teams of two under a foursome format, this is either a golf game or a side bet. This is a must know amongst the terms in golf terms glossary.

First Cut: Grass that is just besides a closely mowed fairway is called the first cut.

Below the Hole: Once the ball is on the green, below the hole describes the position of the golf ball in connection with the cup or hole.

One Club: This is precisely the meaning of the golf tournament. It also means the score registered by a golfer for those 18 holes.

Dimple Pattern: Simply put the pattern of the dimples on the cover of the golf ball is called dimple pattern. This golf club is located in Augusta, Georgia.

Stroke: A swing, of any kind, accomplished with the purpose of striking the ball, getting it into play, is termed as stroke.

Wormburner: This is a kind of shot which is unintentional and it just grazes the ground, it has such low trajectory. This is also a betting game for groups of four.

Ace: When a ‘hole in one ‘ is scored, or a player has scored 1 on any hole, it is an ‘Ace’. It can have pebbles, rocks, shells and vegetation on it.

Four Ball: This is played amongst two teams of two members, hence there are four balls played and better ball scoring is used to determine the players.

Murphy: It is a kind of bet which can be invoked or initiated by a golfer chipping to the green. This is called uphill lie.

Loop: A circuit around the golf course, that is 18 holes, means a loop.

Handicap Differential: This is numeral used to calculate handicap index.

Ready Golf: This without any complexities, means when you are ready, hit. Each golfer is allowed to use only a single golf club.

Water Hazard: Any kind of open water source, from lakes to streams to ocean to sea or even drainage ditches on the course are termed as water hazard. Here, the members of each team play their individual golf ball for individual scores and two of those in combination make up the score of team on every hole.

Handicap Index: A numeral, to one decimal place, representing a golfer’s ability to score is called a handicap index.

Green Fee: It is the amount a golf club charges to play on its golf course.

Approach Course: A golf course having short holes, may be a par 3 distance or shorter and falling short on designated teeing areas is called approach course.

Alternate Shot: This is basically a golf competition format, also called the Foursomes. With an amateur status, a player cannot get paid to endorse a product, does not accept appearance fees and does not accept prize money for being a part of a tournament.

KP: Well, there is no reason why closest to the pin is abbreviated as KP, but is just that.

Play Through: When a faster group of players is given the permission to pass a slower group of players on golf course, it is called play through.

Polee: Polee refers to a sidebet with different meanings. But advice which could prohibit other player’s choices is not allowed unless he or she is your partner.

Crisscross: This serves as either a tournament format or a betting game. It happens because the clubhead slips below the teed ball.

Florida Scramble: It is a variation of the original golf format scramble, where a player from each team sits out each shot.

Center of Gravity: The point located in the head of the golf club, where it would be perfectly balanced is called the center of gravity.

Open: As opposed to Invitational, this is a tournament where participants are not restricted to those who have not been invited.

Sweet Spot: It is the exact and perfect spot on the clubface, where the impact is the best one could have on the ball.

X: When a score cannot be determined, because a play on the hole was not finished, it is called X.

X-Factor: The variation in the amount of the rotation between hips and shoulders is called the X-factor.

Fat (or Fat Shot): A shot where the golfer’s club strikes the ground first and then makes contact with the ball is called Fat or Fat Shot.

Sand Trap: A bunker filled with sand is called a sand trap in vernacular.

Air Presses: Single hole bets amongst individuals which are put claims on when the ball is in mid air are called air presses.

Press (or Pressing the Bet): Simply put, it is a second bet, which commences during a round and runs parallel to the original bet.

Aim: The correct position of shoulders, knees and hips, in alignment, in one direction and normally at 90 degree angle is termed as Aim.

Bunker: Filled in with sand, bunker is either a hole or depression and is categorized as a hazard.

Downswing: It is a part of the golf swing occurring between the end of the back swing and the point of connection with the golf ball.

Thin or Thin Shot: Sometimes it happens that a ball is struck too high, near the midpoint or perhaps slightly lower. A golfer can take advice from his partner, his caddie, and his partner’s caddie as well. In the manner of usage, they are most akin to contemporary wedges.

Mid Iron: Mid Iron is a vintage counterpart of contemporary 2-iron golf clubs.

Mid Mashie: It is the bygone era golf club counterpart of modern-day 3-irons.

Four-Man Cha-Cha-Cha: Four Man cha-cha-cha is a golf tournament format where every member of a team plays his or her golf ball all the way.


Address: When the stance is taken, the club is grounded and the position is taken by the golfer as he or she stands over the ball, it is called that he or she is at address. Buggy is one of the basic golf terms.

Claret Jug: Trophy awarded to the winner of the British Open is the ‘Claret Jug’.

Caddie: Caddie is the person who carries the golf bag of a player.

Calcutta: Calcutta refers to a kind of a bid or an auction, where golfers stake claims on the golfer or the team they think will win.

Backspin: When the ball rotates backward (towards the player)in flight along its horizontal axis, it is called the backspin.

Backswing: The beginning of the swing as the club moves away from the target.

Overall Weight: This, also called dead weight, refers to the total weight of the golf club.

Hole: In very easy terms, hole is where the golfers aim to putt the golf ball. This is also a side bet in a competition of Three Ball.

Amateur status: Amateur status simply means that the player is a rookie and is yet to be a professional. It works thus- after finishing a round, identify the 3 highest individual hole scores and then eliminate them. Well, that’s the magic of the game-The Game of Golf.

There are innumerable terms and phrases included in golf jargon, which everyone from Tiger Woods to Phil Mickelson to Jyoti Randhawa to any amateur golfer needs to know.

Vardon Grip: This is another name for the overlapping grip. Evaluation of golf courses for USGA course rating and slope rating depends on this factor considerably.

Coring: The method through which golf course is aerated is called coring. It also is a betting game. A golfer winning the hole is referred to as having won the skin and the value of that skin.

Overseeding: When the grass is laid on top of grasses already there, for encouraging new growth or for replacing the existing grass for a new season with a different strain, it is called overseeding.

Toe: The end of the clubhead which is the farthest from the shaft or the hosel or the neck is called the toe.

Unplayable Lie: This is a situation where the ball is in such a spot that a golfer decides that the existing spot where the ball is, it cannot be played.

Bite: When a golfer wants a ball in flight to hit the green and stop, he or she is often heard as shouting ‘bite’.

Par 3 Course: A course which just has par 3 holes and nothing else is a Par 3 course.

Punch or Punch Shot: A golf shot, that is fashioned to fly lower than normal.


Offset: The distance from extreme front of the hosel to the extreme front part of the clubhead is the offset.

Duffer: Simply put, duffer means a bad golfer.

Reverse Scramble: Scramble is a tournament format where the members of a team tee off and the best is chosen and then,the next shot is taken from that spot. But in quota, the players begin with points matching their handicap.


Threesomes: This might seem unfair, but this is a golf match where one golfer is pitted against a team of two and each side plays a single ball.

Draw: It is the flight path of the ball where the ball gently curves right to left for a right-hander and vice versa for a left hander.

Fade: It is the trajectory of the ball or its flight, on the spot where the golf ball comes off from the face of the club. Although the purists prefer bunker, some also call it trap.

Texas Wedge: When a putter is used to putt off, from the green, it is called a Texas Wedge. The side to which the hole is cut on the green is the short side.


Birdie: Birdie is a score on an individual hole which is one stroke below par.

Apron: The area which is neatly moved, especially around the putting green and between the putting surface and any kind of undulated ground surrounding the putting green is called apron.

Weekend Hacker: Hacker is a bad golfer and add weekend to it, means weekend hacker, that is a golfer who plays just on weekends, which means he or she does not play or practice enough to increase the level of their game.

Fore: It is a warning call yelled by a golfer in case he or she hits an erratic shot, which could possibly land dangerously close to another player or a group of players.

Peoria System: A one day handicapping system where majority of golfers are not given actual handicap indexes. Basically a stadium golf course will have greens giving something like an amphitheater effect.

Carry: This refers to clearing off an obstacle off the golf course.

Country Club: Country club refers to a social and recreational facility, either private or semi private and has a golf course most of the time.


Finishing Hole: It is the last hole a golfer will play in a round of golf.

Spring-Like Effect: This is an expression describing what is the subject of measurement in connection with coefficient of restitution.

Drive: This is the very first shot on a hole which is hit from the teeing ground.

Quacker: A shot curving abruptly and sharply from right to left with regards to a right-handed golfer. Albatross is the common British golf term for double eagle.

Draw: It is the flight path of the ball where the ball gently curves right to left for a right-hander and vice versa for a left-hander.

Trouble: The game in which the ultimate winner is the one who has collected the least number of points at the end of a round because the bad shots are awarded with points. The bet is on the possibility that a competitor will three-putt a green.


Up: This is the distance to the hole from a specific spot.

Overswing: This refers to a swing so hard that it affects the result in a negative manner.



Open Club Face: When the club face is slightly in the clockwise direction inside the swing path, causing the ball to slice, it is called open clubface.

Golf Town: Golf town is a golf term which is used to describe retail outlets or cities which are very much into golf. It is also called the ‘Divot Tool’.

Trailing Edge: The part of a golf club which is at the extreme back of its sole.

Inside Path: When inside the plane, the corresponding path of the club is referred to as inside path.

Lie: Lie refers, firstly to the stationary condition of a golf ball. In case these conditions are having a negative impact on the ball, a player is entitled to relief.

Above the Hole: To describe the position of the golf ball in connection with the cup, or hole, when the ball is on the green, the golf phrase ‘above the hole’ is used.

Swingweight: This refers to the feel of the weight of a club when it is being swung.

Primary Rough: The most dense, the highest and most dangerous rough for a golfer is the primary rough.

Fairway: An area that usually runs between the tee box and green of a golf hole which is closely mowed. When used with regards to a PGA tour, sand save percentage, a statistical category implies to a player getting up and down out of a green side bunker.

Adjusted Gross Score: It is basically a golfer’s stroke round up, or total, with regards to a single round, after being counted for the optimum per-hole scores, as permitted by the United States Golf Association’s Equitable Stroke Control Guidelines.

All Square: All square refers to a tied match as a result of the tied scores between the players. In this format, both players from each side tee off and then they exchange the golf balls. For a left-handed golfer, it will be the opposite.

Biarritz: When a green has a deep gully cutting or dividing its middle, it is called a biaritz or biaritz green.

Scramble: Primarily a very popular golf tournament format, scramble is played with either 4-person teams or 2-person teams. The other meaning of lie is the number of strokes consumed by the golfer to get the ball in the position where it is at rest.

Niblick: This is again an archaic golf terminology, denoting a 9-iron. This is called appearances.

Fringe: A closely mowed area surrounding the green and just off the putting surface is called the fringe. This could include golf tips and related things.

Gap Wedge: Gap wedge is a golf terminology for a golf club with high loft which provides more accuracy and variety when it comes to short shots.

2-Man No Scotch: A golf tournament format, in 2-Man No Scotch, the members of a team tee off. That is called arnie.

Honors: A player is having honors refers to the player hitting first from the tee box. When a golf ball hits this area, it mostly rolls back down in the fairway, so it is called a false front.

Bingo Bango Bongo: This is one of the very common formats of the game and is a point based game. In slang, it is called ‘club’.

Sandbagger: Normally any golfer who tends to pretend how worse he is at golf (which he or she is actually not) and misleads others is called a sandbagger. In the rule book it is flagstick, but with amateurs, flagstick is better known as pin.

Dance Floor: This is a slang term for putting green. Las Vegas is a betting game played amongst two teams having two members each. It is imperative for a golfer to be considered at his or her address to ensure that the club is grounded..


Pull Hook: This is a ball flight in which the ball initially moves left of the target and curves and bends even sharply.


Lie Angle: The angle which is developed between the center of the shaft and the ground line of the club during the time when the club is soled in appropriate playing position, is the lie angle.

Canadian Foursomes: A variation of the original Foursomes, Canadian foursomes is played amongst 2-player teams where players from a single team tee off and the best of the 2 are selected.


Cart Fee: Cart fee is the amount of fee paid by golfers to use the golf cart, charged by the golf course.

Here are the A to Z of terms used in the game of golf. It also extends to a fair amount of space on both sides of the expected path and does not extend beyond the hole.

Honey Pot: If you do not this amongst the plethora of golf terms and definitions, you might just think of quitting the game. Foot wedge, is specifically speaking a condition when a golfer kicks his ball or probably nudges the ball in a slightly convenient position for the next shot.

Shank: Mis-hit, which is so bad that the golfer makes the contact of the ball with any other part of a golf club other than the clubface.

Striping: Striping is nothing but the crisscross pattern of the blades of grass which are mowed in different directions by the course mowers.

Closest to the Pin: This contest is a regular and default contest when it comes to charity golf tournaments and events, corporate outings and amateur golf tournaments.

Flagstick: This is a stick having a flag and is used to mark the location of a hole.

Sixes: This another name for Round Robin, a game for groups of four golfers. Either it is a just-one-time bet while a round is going on or it could be an ongoing bet which will continue all throughout a round.


Forecaddie: He is the one who does not carry the golf clubs, instead he keeps a group of players moving by telling them individually where his or her ball is.

Fort Lauderdale: This is a synonym for the golf format called scramble.

Flatstick: It is a slang for putter as putter faces are supposed to be flat compared to other golf clubs.

Pull: A golf ball’s trajectory in which the ball initially moves towards left of the line of the target and goes on in the same direction, ending up on the left side of the target. Crowned green slopes down from its middle to its edges.


Hosel:The particular part of a club head wherein a shaft is fixed and secured is called a hosel.

­The putting green beckons, you call your caddie, and off you go to tee for a par. After you are done reading this, you will never be left wondering on the golf course.

Pitching Wedge: This refers to a lofted short iron, which in the order of golf clubs comes after 9-iron.

Advice: Well, this does not have any ‘golf’ connotation. This is followed by exchanging of balls and then each of the player takes his second shot at the spot where their contrasting respective ball lies.

Range Rat: A golfer or aspiring golfer who spends most of his time at the driving range and loves to hone his golfing skills is called a range rat.

Stealies: A type of golf bet, running parallel to the closest to the pin (kp) bet.

Greensomes: It is basically a 2-person game, a variation of scramble, where the players scramble off the tee.

Green: Green is the completion of a golf hole, at the spot of the location of the flagstick and the cup. It is also called the flex point or bend point.

Best Nines: Very commonly called Nassau, it features front nine, back nine and 18-hole scores as separate tournaments or bets.

Three-Putt Poker: It is a betting game, combining an aspect of poker with the performance of a golfer on the greens.

Nines: This is a points based competition played amongst players in group of fours. It is played amongst 2, 3 or 4 member teams .When it is played amongst 2 member teams, it called ‘Best Ball’.

The Tips: This is a slang term for championship tees or back tees on a particular golf course. The other meaning of lie is the number of strokes consumed by the golfer to get the ball in the position where it is at rest.

Line of Play: The direction a golfer wants his ball to travel and a distance good enough on both sides of that desired direction is called the line of play.

Bounce: The measurement of the angle (in degrees) from the front edge of the sole of a club till the point actually resting on the ground on the spot of address is called bounce.

Slope Rating: The difficulty of a course for bogey golfers ranging from 55 to 155, in relation to the USGA course rating, is termed as golf slope rating.

Las Vegas Scramble: A modification of the original golf format scramble, Las Vegas Scramble uses a 6-sided die.

Abnormal Ground Conditions: Abnormal ground conditions include ground under repair, casual water, holes made by burrowing animals and so on. This prevents the chance for a golfer to putt out of the bunker. The lower the handicap, the better a golfer. This is a general understanding of the term, but it is also used as to refer to a game opposite of No Alibis.

Clubface: The clubface is the part of the golf club which strikes the golf ball at impact.

Aces and Deuces: This is a betting game, best suited for groups of four golfers. They have varying lofts, with thin and grooved faces.

Mashie Niblick: It is a vintage or archaic term for a 7-iron- a type of golf club.

Blades: These are types of Irons with a full smooth back along with a thin top line.

Flush: This is one of the golfing terms all the golfers yearn to hear. The winner here is the one who has the lowest number of putts.

Hood – Hooded – Hooding the Club: This is a tricky one. Mulligans, the plural is also a competition format for groups of golfers.

Stadium Course: Stadium golf course or stadium course is a golf course built with one of its aims being to give golf fans great vantage points. Basically it is the name of a golf tournament, rather a tournament within a tournament.

Net/Net Score: A player’s gross score after the consideration of the respective golf course handicap is called net score.

Snake: A betting game which sort of spells doom for that member of the foursome, who has 3-putts just lately.

Golf Club without Real Estate: It refers to a golf club sans a home golf course, having a collection of golfers and friends playing together regularly.

Line of Putt: After putting, a golfer expects the ball to travel on a particular path. It also has a few other specifications like the soil is sandy which is easily drained, rough featuring natural sea side grasses and so on.

Leading Edge: When you look at the golf club, the edge at the immediate front, which leads in a swing is called a leading edge.

T and F: If it is a T and F tournament, the T and F denote the first letters of the holes on the course. The player who is labeled as the wolf opts if hole 1 against 3 can be played. Golf Cart is the term for golf car most widely used in North America.

Quit: In this shot, the golfer does not follow through totally with momentum, instead there is de-acceleration through impact.. It is a scheduled event.

Belly Putter: This is a type of putter which has a longer shaft as compared to conventional putter.

Skyball: This is a mishit where the driver makes a contact with the teed ball on its crown or at the extreme top of its face. For instance, if a golfer scores one double bogey after playing well, he or she loses all the points and has to start all over again.

Trampoline Effect: This denotes the condition where a club’s face contributes force to the shot by bouncing back.

Uneven Lie: When the ball is on an uneven slope and it is either above the feet or below it, it is called an uneven lie.


Kick: Kick is a golfing terminology used interchangeably with golf phrase ‘bounce’, like bouncing ball. When on the tee, it is honors and if it is otherwise, its away.

Utility Wedge: This is a kind of a lofted wedge which is different from sand wedge or pitching wedge in either loft and sole aspects or both.

Obstacle Stroke Value: The numerical representation of the gravity and playing ability of obstacles and hazards on a golf course, which is a crucial factor in USGA course and slope rating numbers is called obstacle stroke value.

Odds and Evens: Akin to the golf format Alternate Shot, this format has one player hitting shots on holes which are even and the other on odd holes. A flight or a division comprises golfers with more or less similar golf skills. Honey pot refers to a tournament’s prize fund or bonus pool.

Ballmark Tool: This is a two-pronged tool which is used to repair putting green ball marks. Hacker is a bit stronger player than a duffer.

Halve or Halved: To indicate that a hole or match is tied, the term halved is used.

Ball Striker: Each golfer is a ball striker. It is a one-day handicapping system.

Pot (hole) Bunker: This is a type of bunker which is small, but is very deep and has steep faces and is round. It is basically the angle where the face of the club is, in relation to a perfectly vertical face.


Lunch Ball: When a golfer has not struck the ball according to his satisfaction and has not got the intended result, he or she takes a second attempt. At each hole, a golfer is competing with the other two.


Slice: Here, interestingly, the ball curves similar to the shape of a banana. Another meaning of divot is the chipped off area in the fairway, where the turf existed.

Provisional Ball: In the circumstances where a golfer believes his or her first ball may be lost or out-of-bounds, the golfer can play another ball, which is the provisional ball.

Knockdown: A shot played mostly to control trajectory, spin and distance, but which is short of a full swing.

Divot Tool: It is the same as a ball mark tool.



Barkie: This is a side bet won by a golfer making par on a hole where he has hit a tree.

Circle on the Scorecard: This term denotes the custom or the ritual of encircling the birdie score when writing the score on the scorecard.

Hardpan: The areas in rough, fairways, or other areas with an exception of hazards, having hard ground, as a result of compacting of the soil is called hardpan.

Blind Bogey: Blind Bogey is type of tournament format, where most commonly golfers are required to play 18 holes of stroke play.


Barranca: Barranca is a term used to describe a dry pitch, ravine or gully which is filled with rocks.

Approach: A shot in the golf green from the fairway is referred to as approach.

Redan/Redan Hole: Redan hole is one of the most copied golf courses across the globe. Here the players have tee off and the best out of them is selected. Front Nine is also referred to as Front Side.

Chunk: This is a kind of shot where the golf club hits the ground before it hits the ball which leads to digging into the turf and it produces a big pit.

Routing: It refers to the path followed by a golf course from the 1 st tee to its final green.

Taylor Made Golf: This is the world’s most popular and one of the foremost manufacturers of golf equipment. This is a spot on the green where a flagstick can be seen and the turf has been chipped off to prepare that hole or cup.

Up and Down: When a golfer just takes a couple of strokes for holing the ball when starting off the green or in a greenside hazard, it is called Up and Down.

Auto Win: In the situation where holes are automatically won by player wanting to achieve either of these three – chip-in from off the green, sticking in an approach in the flagstick from 150 yards or more and any par 3, is an auto win. The high score is the deuce here and the person staking it loses an amount of money to other three.

Rub of the Green: In case a ball is stopped or deflected incidentally an outside factor like a caddie or the likes, it is termed as the rub of the green. Those putting greens with a lot of contour are called Contoured Greens.

Snowman: A score of 8 on any given individual cup is called snowman in slang because the figure of the digit is similar to the structure of a snowman.

Address: When the stance is taken, the club is grounded and the position is taken by the golfer as he or she stands over the ball, it is called that he or she is at address. It is less than par.

Low Putts: It is a popular side bet in addition to being a tournament format. Here, the low score is the ace and the person who wins it, gets a particular amount from the other three players. Push is a ball flight which starts on the right of the line of the target and retains that direction straight ahead and winds up keeping the target well to the right, for a right-hander.

Die in the Hole: This is one of the important golf words and phrases. So its like the ball is in jail.

Rough: The areas marshaling the boundaries of the fairways featuring thick and high grass or natural, unkempt vegetation is called the rough.

Round: Round refers to the completion of 18 holes of golf. ‘Back Side is another name for ‘Back Nine’.

Backspin: When the ball rotates backward (towards the player)in flight along its horizontal axis, it is called the backspin.

Switch: Switch as a tournament format has 2-person teams where the players switch balls after the tee shots. The small movements of the clubhead back and forth just before grounding the club to get that right momentum for the right swing is called a waggle.

Warm-Season Grasses: The grasses who thrive and experience maximum growth in warmer weather are called warm season grasses.

Play Club: The vintage counterpart of the modern-day driver is the play club. The proper way to decide the hitting order has been prescribed in the rules of golf and golf etiquette. Frog Hair is a slang term for fringe.

Putt for Dough: This is a points game which can be played within a foursome or it also refers to a side bet for a group of golfers.

Putting Cleek: It is primarily a golf club used for putting, which is either shallow faced lofted wooden club or narrow bladed iron clubs. The winner is decided after this final score.

Three Club Monte: In a golf tournament where a golfer is allowed to use only three clubs during their round is Three Club Monte. It also involves pushing a putt to a direction or jerking the putt to a side.

Modified Stableford: A golf format, which is a modification of the original format called Stableford. It is vice versa for a left hander.

Track: The layout or the way the holes on the course are routed is called track. Like a golfer can say to another- ‘Your ball is on the dancing floor’.

Skymarks: Scratches developed on the finish of the crown of a driver as a result of hitting skyballs are called skymarks.

Golf Swing or Swing: Swing is to go through the stroke or a considerable jump in a score.

Closed Club Face: When the clubface is rotated slightly counterclockwise in the swing path, which can cause the ball to hook, it is called clubface.

Trap: A bunker in other words is called a trap. Here the ball is struck and is played back into the player’s stance.

Rabbit: It is again, a side bet,named after the situation where someone runs ahead in a mile off the field, setting the pace. For some hooding the club entails pressing the hands forward,that leads to making the club face more upright, which is a way to de-loft the club. This format permits golfers without handicap index to participate in golf tournament and contest to win low net prizes or titles.

Red, White and Blue Tournament: This name of a golf tournament format makes an allusion to the color of tee markers. He indulges in inflation of his handicap index to enhance his possibilities of winning the bets or tournaments.

Sandie (Sandy): Making par on a hole where you were in a bunker refers to Sandie. Another meaning of Sandie means in a couple of strokes, a player gets out of the bunker in the hole. Losses and wins add up very fast in this game so those whose pockets are full, prefer this betting game .

Match Play: A competition format in which the round is played with the aim of winning individual holes.

Ballstriking: Ball striking means the full swing abilities of a golfer. The term signature hole means that there is one hole which is most photogenic and pleasing on the course as decided by the golf course management.

Uglies: It is a side bet played amongst a group of golfers and the value of the uglies is always pre-decided before the round. It is especially meant for groups of three players and the targeted player is selected on the basis of the driving performance.

String It Out: A tournament format or a betting game, string is best suited when the players have partial handicaps. The value of ‘nasties’ is decided before the commencement of the round.

Green: Green is the completion of a golf hole, at the spot of the location of the flagstick and the cup. Even if there is no water, let’s say in a seasonal creek and the ball is dry, it is considered to be a water hazard.


Arnies: When a golfer makes a par on a hole sans being in the fairway, he wins a side bet. It is generally in squares and rolls.

Divot: It refers to the scraping off the turf top as a result of shots from the fairway using an iron. The aim in Rabbit is to get the lowest possible score on a hole and the player then gets the honor post 9th and 18th holes.

Rainmaker: It means to strike a pop up or skying the ball.

Chapman System: Named after Dick Chapman, a great amateur golfer, this is basically a golf tournament format. But if there are bad shots or the likes, the points are cut. But this condition exists under local rule only.

Unplayable Lie:This is a situation where the ball is in such a spot that a golfer decides that the existing spot where the ball is, it cannot be played.

Crowned Green: A green which has center higher than its sides, is called the crowned green. That is called pivot.

Pull: A golf ball’s trajectory in which the ball initially moves towards left of the line of the target and goes on in the same direction, ending up on the left side of the target. It is a target for majority of golfers on all holes except par 3s.

Fairways Greens: For groups of golfers who have similar handicaps, this is considered to be the best betting game.

No Putts: No putts is a tournament format where the winner is decided by all strokes except for the putts.

Nassau: Nassau is a very well-known and most popular name for Best Nines.

Nasties: A side bet for any group of golfers, nasties are won by default by a golfer who holes a shot from off the green. This command is yelled by a golfer with regards to his golf ball in mid air. The crux of a redan is greens and green complex. Then the best of them is chosen. What’s more, this golfing term was popularized by none other Ben Hogan.

Course Management: The golfer’s decision-making during a round of golf is called course management.

Front Nine: The first nine holes of a golf course are the front nine holes of the golf course. Ben Hogan is a golf hall of fame player.

Links: Links, although is a golf terminology used as an alternative to Golf course, it is a particular type of golf course, which is basically built along sea side. These are normally the tees starting from where the course is the longest to play.

Selected Score: This is a game of golf or very commonly a bet played over golf holes counting to 36. This is for a right-handed golfer.

LPGA: Established in 1950, Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) is an organization which promotes women in professional golf.

Lip: This has two meanings when it comes to golf terms and golf phrases. For example, if there are 18 groups of 4 in a tournament, each hole on the golf course will be the starting hole for all the different groups.

Flight: It is a term which is used for division of golfer’s during a golf tournament. That’s why probably it is a lateral water hazard.

Five of Clubs: It is a format of a golf tournament, where each golfer is allowed to use just 5 golf clubs.


Through the Green: Every area of the golf course with the exception of teeing grounds, hazards and greens. This leads to low and sometimes slicing shot, which could travel a long distance.

Hate ‘Em: These are ‘problem holes’, which are hated by golfers and that’s why it is called hate them. Amongst the common golf terms, ace is real music for the ears for a golfer.



Flange: This refers to a part of a clubhead jutting out from the rear. It is used to refer to putts barely making it to the hole, but eventually they do end up the golf ball in the hole.

Grass Club: It is the ‘by-gone era’ counterpart of the driver.

Gruesomes: This is more common as a betting game, but also serves as team formats sometimes where there are 2-member teams.

Brassie: Brassie is the closest twentieth century counterpart to modern-day 2-woods.

Reverse Overlap: The most used golf grip for putting which involves holding the club in such a way that the index finger of the top hand is on the top of the fingers of the bottom hand.

Hook: Hook is the flight or trajectory of the ball which commences with the golf ball out to right before sharply curving to the left, while it misses its target to left.

Tiger Tees: Tee boxes which are used in professional competitions are called tiger tees in slang terms.

Municipal Course: When a golf course owned by a city has to be indicated, it is called a municipal golf course

Writing a cigar business plan

In spite of this, it is advisable to be realistic when presenting fiscal predictions.

The business plan should be modified for the prospective lender or the investor. Reveal you appreciate the risks concerned and put forward potential solutions for overcoming these risks and supply evidence to support your statements. Make sure your wording reflects the upbeat approach of the management team. This will add credibility to the cigar business plan.

You must keep your backer’s attention by making the detailed description as reader friendly as possible. Point to would-be markets and give details of your pricing policy and advertising strategies. Affirm the considerable advantages of your product or service. The content of the business plan should exhibit the potential interests of the lender and encourage support for your cigar business venture.

Your cigar business plan is a detailed description that defines your cigar business with its objectives and shows how those objectives should be achieved.

Economic projections will be shown between the main body of the business plan and the appendices. should be given in a separate section of schedules. This will ensure completeness without destroying the flow of the words.

Lay out your business plan in a coherent way with clear and precise headings – do not be frightened to waste paper – start new headings on a clean fresh piece of paper – it will make the document look more convincing and make it easy to find stuff for your financier.

If your business is a new venture then give background information as to why you intend to start it. PL statements, Balance Sheets, Cash-flow forecasts etc. Use simple, direct language and graphics to illustrate your points. Offer information on employment necessities including Curriculum vitaes for senior management in the Appendices and, if applicable, an organisation chart to illustrate the management construction.

With no a cigar business plan it is not likely that possible “angel investors” and the like will invest in your cigar business if that is what you require to start it up or if you need to take it up another level

You must cover the businesses strengths as well as potential weaknesses and explain how you plan to overcome weaknesses. Be positive and quick to the point.. Identify the competition and outline your proposals for dealing with it. Your business plan is not just for getting you the investment you need – it’s main objective should be to point the course in which your cigar business is heading.

Stress the experience and awards of you and your management team and show how their skills can be harnessed to attain growth potential and profitability

***Love Golf? Nervous On The First Tee? Here Are 16 Tips To Help You Stay Calm, Confident And Focused

Do not swing until you are comfortable.

2. Once you do not care what others think about your game, you will be freed up to perform better.

10. Learn how to use self-hypnosis to ease your self into the zone.

1. The worst that happens is not a tragedy. Try using worry beads to get calm and keep you hands free of tension.

Over the years, many golfers have come to see me to get help with their first tee jitters. Never, ever be afraid of hitting a bad shot. Identify where you want the ball to land.

6. Spend some time playing with a yo-yo prior to teeing off. Realize that many golfers experience anxiety when they start a round of golf. Tense and relax the muscles in you arms and legs before you step up to hit the ball.

12. It is an inconvenience that is part of the game of golf.

9. You are not at all alone with these feelings and it is not uncommon.

Your rating: None

5. Remember, each swing is independent and the more important swing is the next one you take.

13. Most of you are playing golf to have some fun so remind yourself that you are on the golf course to enjoy yourself.

15. Some golfers mistakenly believe that if their first shot is bad that their entire round will be bad. Remember, being in the center of the fairway and straight is often better than being long and being off target.

Here are some tips to help high handicappers and single digit players understand more about their nervousness on the first tee and some tips to help golfers become more

comfortable when they tee off.

14. This can help to get rid of some of your nervous energy.

4. Visualize the path you want the ball to take.

. Both low handicappers and high handicappers can be nervous at the start of a round.

11. Most golfers are overly worried about embarrassing themselves while others are watching them closely. Before you strike the ball, have either one idea or an empty and quiet mind.

Some golfer report difficulty sleeping the night before a golf event due to stress related to looking bad on the first tee while everyone is watching them swing.


7. Do some aerobics before you get to the golf course. This will help to relax you and can activate the playful side of your mind.


3. Listen to music prior to arriving at the first tee.


Online Gambling – The Games by Kenneth Bateman


This article was posted on September 05, 2006

The total value of two dealt cards must not exceed nine. In poker you are playing against other players, and not against the house. Among the many sub-categories of betting on roulette are: betting on which color the ball will land, betting on any one of the three columns on the roulette table, or betting on a specific set of twelve numbers.


Eleven balls are drawn from a pool of thirty. Among the most popular poker games to play online are:


As you would expect, games of pure chance, with no skills required by the player offer terrible odds. A two, three or twelve is an automatic loser on the come-out roll.

- Texas Hold ?Em (by far the most popular)

- Omaha

- Seven Card Stud

- Caribbean Poker

- Pineapple

Kenneth Bateman writes numerous articles on the subject of online casinos. The hand with the total value closest to nine wins. Shooter must roll a seven or eleven on the come-out, or first roll to win or establish a point. There are countless books and online sites detailing game rules, strategies, etc., and it is suggested the player take advantage of these before attempting to play for money.

Video Poker

Slots are the most popular of the no skills required online casino games, and is a veritable cash cow for the casinos, with the odds firmly stacked in favor of the house. Low house edge is of advantage to the player.

Literally thousands of betting options. Keno is one of those games, and is really the casino version of a lottery draw. The right combination of symbols must be aligned with the payline in order to win. To read more of his articles on the



Poker entails examining your hand and guessing what your opponents have. Face cards are valued at ten and aces at one or eleven at the players option. Slots are composed of spinning reels with an assortment of symbols on each reel. If the symbols are not aligned in a winning combination, you lose.


About The Author


. The following is an overview of some of the more popular online games, both multi-player and single player, and is not intended to be a tutorial. If a seven is rolled before point is made, the shooter loses. Bingo!


Online casinos offer a multitude of gambling game options designed to appeal to the adventurous or the conservative player. Bets are based upon which slot the ball will land when the wheel stops spinning. The shooter is a winner if point is made on follow up rolls. Blackjack is played against the house, and not other players.

Played against the casino?s software and not against other players.

Online Gambling – The Games

 by: Kenneth Bateman

Back to “Recreation And Sports” Index

A small, marble-like ball is placed into a spinning wheel that has red and black numbered slots. The slot machine?s reels are lined up on what is known as a payline. In Keno a computer randomly selects numbers from a group of eighty and the player must guess which group will be chosen.

- Jacks or Better (most popular)

- Deuces Wild

- Joker?s Wild

Also known as ?twenty-one? as the cumulative total of the face value of the cards cannot exceed twenty one to win